Soil Mechanics And Foundations: Everything You Need to Know
Soil mechanics and foundations are two of the most important aspects of any construction project. If you are unfamiliar with these concepts, don't worry! In this blog post, we will discuss everything you need to know about soil mechanics and foundations. We will start by explaining what soil mechanics is, and then we will move on to discussing foundations.
Soil mechanics is the study of the behavior of soils under different conditions. Soils are composed of particles of different sizes, and they can be either natural or man-made. Soil mechanics aims to understand how these particles interact with each other, and how they respond to different loads and stresses.
Foundations are structures that transfer loads from a structure to the ground. The type of foundation you will need will depend on the type of soil you are working with. There are four main types of foundations: shallow foundations, deep foundations, raft foundations, and pile foundations.
Shallow foundations are typically used for small structures, such as houses. They are not suitable for large structures because they cannot support the weight of the structure. Deep foundations are used for large structures, such as skyscrapers. They are placed deep into the ground, and they can support a lot of weight.
Soil mechanics and foundations are two of the most important aspects of any construction project. If you are unfamiliar with these concepts, don't worry! In this blog post, we have discussed everything you need to know about soil mechanics and foundations.
Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Soil Mechanics and Foundations with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.
Soil Mechanics and Foundations MCQ
1. If the failure of a finite slope occurs through the toe, it is known as
2. Theoretically, the void ratio in soils can have the following values, which is
3. The liquidity index is defined as a ratio expressed as percentage of
4. The lateral earth pressure on a retaining wall
5. The ultimate consolidation settlement of a soil is
6. Which one of the following clays behaves like a dense sand ?
7. The lateral earth pressure on a retaining wall is proportional to
8. The coefficient of compressibility of soil, is the ratio of
9. A soil has bulk density 2.30 g/cm3 and water content 15 per cent, the dry density of the sample, is
10. When the plastic limit of a soil is greater than the liquid limit, then the plasticity index is reported as
11. The ratio of the weight of given volume of soil solids to the weight of an equal volume of distilled water at the given temperature, is known
12. Geologic cycle for the formation of soil, is
13. Which of the following soil has the finest grains?
14. The angle of internal friction is maximum for
15. A decrease in water content results in a reduction of the volume of a soil in
16. The minimum water content at which the soil just begins to crumble when rolled into threads 3 mm in diameter, is known
17. Which one of the following statements is true ?
18. When drainage is permitted under initially applied normal stress only and full primarily consolidation is allowed to take place, the test is known as
19. According to Atterberg, the soil is said to be of medium plasticity if the plasticity index PI is
20. The ratio of volume of voids to the total volume of soil mass is called
21. Which of the following is a measure of particle size range ?
22. Soils containing organic matters are of spongy nature.
23. The specific gravity of sand is approximately ........
24. Pile foundations are generally preferred to for ..........
25. The method of the slices is applicable to
26. Under reamed piles are generally used for ..............
27. Hydrometer readings are corrected for:
28. Chemical weathering of soil is caused due to ..........
29. Talus soil is transported by ............
30. Water formed transported soil is
31. The weight of a pycnometer containing 400 g sand and water full to the top is 2150 g. The weight of pycnometer full of clean water is 1950 g. If specific gravity of the soil is 2.5, the water content is
32. Failure of the stability of slopes, generally occurs along
33. The relationship between void ratio (e) and porosity ratio (n) is :
34. A coarse-grained soil has a voids ratio 0.75, and specific gravity as 2.75. The critical gradient at which quick sand condition occurs, is
35. The fluid generally used for grouting is
36. The clay soil mainly consists of
37. The seepage force in a soil, is
38. The ultimate Settlement of a soil is directly proportional to:
39. Back fill with a sloping surface exerts a total active pressure Pa on the wall of height H and acts at
40. The liquid limit and plastic limit exist in
41. If S, L and R are the arc length, long chord and radius of the sliding circle then the perpendicular distance of the line of the resultant cohesive force, is given by
42. Stoke's law sates that the velocity at which a grain settles out of suspension, the other factors remaining constant, is dependent upon
43. Accurate determination of water content, is made by
44. The water content of soil is defined as the ratio of
45. Rankine's theory of active earth pressure assumes
46. Degree of saturation of a natural soil deposit having water content 15%, specific gravity 2.50 and void ratio 0.5, is
47. According to Coulomb's wedge theory, the active earth pressure slides the wedge
48. The effective size of particles of soil is denoted by
49. The coefficient of curvature is defined
50. Minimum depth of a footing carrying a heavy load, is calculated by the formula
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