About Renewable Energy

How Renewable Energy is Changing the World

Renewable Energy is one of the most important topics in the world today. With climate change becoming an increasingly pressing issue, renewable energy is more important than ever. Renewable energy is renewable, meaning it can be replenished. This is in contrast to fossil fuels, which are finite and will eventually run out. Renewable energy is also cleaner than fossil fuels, making it a more environmentally friendly option.

There are many different types of renewable energy, but the most common are solar, wind, and hydroelectric. Wind energy is renewable because it will continue to blow. Hydroelectricity is renewable because water will continue to cycle through the Earth's hydrological cycle. Solar panels convert sunlight into electricity, making them a very efficient form of renewable energy.

Hydroelectric energy is renewable because water will always cycle through the earth. Hydroelectric dams capture the energy of moving water and convert it into electricity. Renewable energy is changing the world in a number of ways.

Final Verdict :

Renewable energy is one of the most important topics in the world today. With climate change becoming an increasingly pressing issue, renewable energy is more important than ever. Renewable energy is renewable, meaning it can be replenished

Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Renewable Energy with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.

Renewable Energy MCQ

1. What is hydroelectric power?

  • electricity produced by flowing water
  • wind power
  • energy from the sun
  • None of these

2. All of the following are considered renewable energy sources EXCEPT –

  • Wind
  • Coal
  • Biomass
  • Solar

3. Ultimately, all biofuels are ________, because they are the result of ________.

  • geological; sedimentation
  • solar; photosynthesis 
  • inefficient; decomposition by microorganisms
  • synthetic; chemical manipulation of hydrocarbons

4. Which of the following is NOT one of the disadvantages of water impoundment?

  • CO2 emission from cement manufacture to build the impoundment
  • lowered siltation 
  • methane released as organic matter decomposes once covered by water
  • loss of habitat 

5. What does conserving resources mean?

  • Use as much of the resources as you can
  • Only use the resources at school
  • Protecting the resource so it does not run out
  • none of the above

6. When energy is generated from the burning of wood or other organic matter, we call it_______.

  • Solar Energy
  • Biomass Energy
  • Thermal Energy
  • none of the above

7. Which group includes ALL renewable resources?

  • Coal, trees, water, oil
  • Minerals, sun, natural gas, water
  • Water, wind, sun, plants
  • none of the above

8. Why is solar energy considered renewable energy?

  • It's cheaper than fossil fuels
  • The sun's energy would not run out for billions of years
  • Solar energy recharges batteries
  • All of them

9. Wind is a __________ energy resource.

  • Renewable
  • Non-renewable

10. Which of the following is a non-renewable resource?

  • Water
  • Sun
  • Coal
  • Win

11. Which of the following is a renewable resource?

  • Oil
  • Solar
  • Coal
  • Natural Gas

12. Which of the following energy sources has the lowest negative environmental impacts?

  • Biomass
  • Nuclear
  • Natural Gas
  • Solar

13. Which type of fuel produces the most sulfur?

  • wind
  • coal
  • biomass
  • nuclear fission

14. Which is NOT an example of biomass?

  • wood
  • crop leftovers (the part of the plant that isn't consumed)
  • manure and/or trash
  • petroleum

15. Hydroelectric energy uses...

  • water to make electricity.
  • hydrogen to make electricity.
  • lightning in water to make electricity.
  • none of the above

16. The solid form of fossil fuels is _______.

  • petroleum
  • crude oil
  • natural gas
  • coal

17. Coal, gas, and petroleum are all examples of...

  • Recycled fuels
  • Fossil Fuels
  • Renewable fuels
  • Fancy Fuels

18. Thermal energy from Earth's interior is called____________ energy

  • geothermal
  • microthermal
  • potential
  • action

19. All of the following are considered alternative energy sources EXCEPT –

  • Wind
  • Coal
  • Biofuel
  • Solar

20. To decrease the amount of products purchased or produced with the intent of minimizing waste

  • REDUCE
  • POLLUTION
  • RECYCLE
  • CONSUMER

21. Which one of these is NOT a type of renewable energy?

  • solar
  • wind
  • biomass
  • nuclear

22. The use of flowing water from waterfalls and dams to produce electricity.

  • HYDRO & TIDAL POWER
  • SOLAR ENERGY
  • WIND ENERGY
  • NUCLEAR ENERGY

23. Solar energy is energy from the _____________.

  • Sun
  • Stars
  • Wind
  • Moon

24. The fossil fuel that most likely provides the electricity for your tablets is _____.

  • petroleum
  • natural gas
  • crude oil
  • coal

25. Which energy source has the least negative environmental impact?

  • Biomass
  • Nuclear
  • Natural Gas
  • Solar

26. A natural fuel (coal, oil, or gas) formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms.

  • FUEL CELL
  • WIND ENERGY
  • FOSSIL FUEL
  • SOLAR ENERGY

27. Which of the following batteries is the most powerful and most expensive?

  • lithium-ion
  • lead-acid
  • nickel-metal hydride
  • alkaline

28. Heating and cooling buildings by exchange with shallow groundwater systems is considered a form of ___ energy.

  • geothermal
  • solar
  • kinetic
  • potential

29. Which is NOT a way to conserve energy?

  • Using a desktop computer rather than a laptop
  • Consolidating errands while to make fewer car tips 
  • Replacing incandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent bulbs
  • Lowering thermostats during cold months

30. Solar energy is

  • Energy from the uneven heating of the earth.
  • Energy from burning fossil fuels.
  • Energy from the sun.
  • Energy from turbines.

31. Which renewable resource gets its direct energy from the sun?

  • Geothermal
  • Solar
  • Wind
  • Hydrogen

32. If a tractor trailer truck is 20% efficient, what happened to the other 80%

  • energy is destroyed
  • energy is lost as heat
  • the 80% is still in the gas tank
  • energy is converted into matter

33. Which of the following are the most energy efficient light bulbs?

  • incandescent
  • compact florescent
  • LED
  • halogen

34. What is given off as waste in a hydrogen fueled car?

  • H2
  • O2
  • H2O2
  • H2O

35. Which is not an advantage of Wind energy?

  • Land can be used for other purposes
  • Can be quickly built; not too expensive
  • Long operating life
  • Danger to birds

36. A home is built with clear glass panels that allow sunlight to pass through. This is an example of

  • Active solar
  • Passive solar
  • Parabolic collector
  • Photovoltaic Cells

37. What % of the energy in the WORLD comes from renewable energy?

  • 5.5%
  • 14%
  • 26%
  • 85%

38. A resource that can be replaced when needed.

  • Fossil Fuels
  • Nonrenewable Energy
  • Exhaustible Energy
  • Renewable Energy

39. Taking old cans and bottles to the bottle return is an example of...

  • REDUCE
  • REUSE
  • RECYCLE
  • None of these

40. Which type of energy produces Carbon Dioxide, which can be harmful to our planet and cause pollution?

  • Solar Energy
  • Wind Energy
  • Fossil Fuels (Coal, oil, and gas)
  • Nuclear Energy

41. Printing on both sides of the paper helps to ________ paper waste.

  • REDUCE
  • REUSE
  • RECYCLE
  • None of these

42. Using an old jar to store items in the kitchen is an example of what?

  • REDUCE
  • REUSE
  • RECYCLE
  • None of these

43. Device that combines hydrogen and oxygen and produces electricity in the process

  • FUEL CELL
  • SOLAR ENERGY
  • WIND ENERGY
  • NUCLEAR ENERGY

44. The ratio of the useful energy delivered by a dynamic system to the energy supplied to it.

  • BIODEGRADABLE
  • BIOMASS
  • REDUCE
  • EFFICIENCY

45. Energy from the sun.

  • HYDRO & TIDAL POWER
  • SOLAR ENERGY
  • WIND ENERGY
  • NUCLEAR ENERGY

46. Energy derived from wind by means of windmills or wind turbines.

  • HYDRO & TIDAL POWER
  • SOLAR ENERGY
  • WIND ENERGY
  • NUCLEAR ENERGY

47. The process of making new products from materials that were used in another product.

  • REDUCE
  • POLLUTION
  • RECYCLE
  • CONSUMER

48. A contaminant to the environment, especially human-made waste.

  • REDUCE
  • POLLUTION
  • RECYCLE
  • CONSUMER

49. A person or household that purchases goods or services.

  • REDUCE
  • POLLUTION
  • RECYCLE
  • CONSUMER

50. Plant materials and animal waste used especially as a source of fuel.

  • BIODEGRADABLE
  • BIOMASS
  • REDUCE
  • RECYCLABLE

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