About Renewable Energy

Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Renewable Energy with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.

Renewable Energy MCQ

1. What is hydroelectric power?

  • electricity produced by flowing water
  • wind power
  • energy from the sun

2. Ultimately, all biofuels are ________, because they are the result of ________.

  • geological; sedimentation
  • solar; photosynthesis 
  • inefficient; decomposition by microorganisms
  • synthetic; chemical manipulation of hydrocarbons

3. Which of the following batteries is the most powerful and most expensive?

  • lead-acid
  • lithium-ion
  • nickel-metal hydride
  • alkaline

4. Which renewable resource gets its direct energy from the sun?

  • Geothermal
  • Solar
  • Wind
  • Hydrogen

5. Solar energy is

  • Energy from the uneven heating of the earth.
  • Energy from burning fossil fuels.
  • Energy from the sun.
  • Energy from turbines.

6. Which is NOT a way to conserve energy?

  • Using a desktop computer rather than a laptop
  • Consolidating errands while to make fewer car tips 
  • Replacing incandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent bulbs
  • Lowering thermostats during cold months

7. Heating and cooling buildings by exchange with shallow groundwater systems is considered a form of ___ energy.

  • geothermal
  • solar
  • kinetic
  • potential

8. Which of the following energy sources has the lowest negative environmental impacts?

  • Biomass
  • Nuclear
  • Natural Gas
  • Solar

9. If a tractor trailer truck is 20% efficient, what happened to the other 80%

  • energy is destroyed
  • energy is lost as heat
  • the 80% is still in the gas tank
  • energy is converted into matter

10. Which of the following are the most energy efficient light bulbs?

  • incandescent
  • compact florescent
  • LED
  • halogen

11. What is given off as waste in a hydrogen fueled car?

  • H2
  • O2
  • H2O2
  • H2O

12. A home is built with clear glass panels that allow sunlight to pass through. This is an example of

  • Active solar
  • Passive solar
  • Parabolic collector
  • Photovoltaic Cells

13. Which is not an advantage of Wind energy?

  • Land can be used for other purposes
  • Can be quickly built; not too expensive
  • Long operating life
  • Danger to birds

14. A resource that can be replaced when needed.

  • Fossil Fuels
  • Nonrenewable Energy
  • Exhaustible Energy
  • Renewable Energy

15. Which one of these is NOT a type of renewable energy?

  • solar
  • wind
  • biomass
  • nuclear

16. What % of the energy in the WORLD comes from renewable energy?

  • 5.5%
  • 14%
  • 26%
  • 85%

17. Which type of energy produces Carbon Dioxide, which can be harmful to our planet and cause pollution?

  • Solar Energy
  • Wind Energy
  • Fossil Fuels (Coal, oil, and gas)
  • Nuclear Energy

18. Printing on both sides of the paper helps to ________ paper waste.

  • REDUCE
  • REUSE
  • RECYCLE

19. Using an old jar to store items in the kitchen is an example of what?

  • REDUCE
  • REUSE
  • RECYCLE

20. Taking old cans and bottles to the bottle return is an example of...

  • REDUCE
  • REUSE
  • RECYCLE

21. Energy from the sun.

  • HYDRO & TIDAL POWER
  • SOLAR ENERGY
  • WIND ENERGY
  • NUCLEAR ENERGY

22. The ratio of the useful energy delivered by a dynamic system to the energy supplied to it.

  • BIODEGRADABLE
  • BIOMASS
  • REDUCE
  • EFFICIENCY

23. All of the following are considered renewable energy sources EXCEPT –

  • Wind
  • Coal
  • Biomass
  • Solar

24. Energy derived from wind by means of windmills or wind turbines.

  • HYDRO & TIDAL POWER
  • SOLAR ENERGY
  • WIND ENERGY
  • NUCLEAR ENERGY

25. Device that combines hydrogen and oxygen and produces electricity in the process

  • FUEL CELL
  • SOLAR ENERGY
  • WIND ENERGY
  • NUCLEAR ENERGY

26. Plant materials and animal waste used especially as a source of fuel.

  • BIODEGRADABLE
  • BIOMASS
  • REDUCE
  • RECYCLABLE

27. A person or household that purchases goods or services.

  • REDUCE
  • POLLUTION
  • RECYCLE
  • CONSUMER

28. A contaminant to the environment, especially human-made waste.

  • REDUCE
  • POLLUTION
  • RECYCLE
  • CONSUMER

29. The process of making new products from materials that were used in another product.

  • REDUCE
  • POLLUTION
  • RECYCLE
  • CONSUMER

30. Energy stored in the earth in the form of heat.

  • GEOTHERMAL
  • SOLAR ENERGY
  • WIND ENERGY
  • NUCLEAR ENERGY

31. To decrease the amount of products purchased or produced with the intent of minimizing waste

  • REDUCE
  • POLLUTION
  • RECYCLE
  • CONSUMER

32. The use of flowing water from waterfalls and dams to produce electricity.

  • HYDRO & TIDAL POWER
  • SOLAR ENERGY
  • WIND ENERGY
  • NUCLEAR ENERGY

33. Energy stored in the nucleus of an atom.

  • HYDRO & TIDAL POWER
  • SOLAR ENERGY
  • WIND ENERGY
  • NUCLEAR ENERGY

34. A natural fuel (coal, oil, or gas) formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms.

  • FUEL CELL
  • WIND ENERGY
  • SOLAR ENERGY
  • FOSSIL FUEL

35. Any significant change in measures of climate, such as temperature lasting for an extended period of a decade or longer.

  • BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • CLIMATE CHANGE
  • CONVECTION
  • COMPOST

36. Items that can easily degrade by natural processes

  • BIODEGRADABLE
  • BIOMASS
  • REDUCE
  • RECYCLABLE

37. Fossil Fuels (choose ALL that apply)

  • considered nonrenewable resources
  • cause pollution in the atmosphere
  • oil, coal and natural gas
  • All of above

38. The fossil fuel that most likely provides the electricity for your tablets is _____.

  • petroleum
  • natural gas
  • crude oil
  • coal

39. The solid form of fossil fuels is _______.

  • petroleum
  • crude oil
  • natural gas
  • coal

40. All of the following are considered alternative energy sources EXCEPT –

  • Wind
  • Coal
  • Biofuel
  • Solar

41. Which energy source has the least negative environmental impact?

  • Biomass
  • Nuclear
  • Natural Gas
  • Solar

42. Energy produced by burning organic matter such as wood, food scraps, and animal matter is called______________ energy.

  • Biomass
  • Thermal energy
  • Solar
  • Wind

43. Thermal energy from Earth's interior is called____________ energy

  • geothermal
  • microthermal
  • potential
  • action

44. Coal, gas, and petroleum are all examples of...

  • Recycled fuels
  • Fossil Fuels
  • Renewable fuels
  • Fancy Fuels

45. Solar energy is energy from the _____________.

  • Moon
  • Stars
  • Wind
  • Sun

46. Renewable energy resources produce less_____________ than fossil fuels.

  • pollution
  • energy
  • wind
  • light

47. Wind Energy is...

  •  Energy that comes from harnessing the movement of the air
  • Energy that comes from the Sun
  • A source of renewable energy, such as solar, wind, or geothermal energy
  • Fuel from plant material

48. Which of the following is NOT one of the disadvantages of water impoundment?

  • CO2 emission from cement manufacture to build the impoundment
  • lowered siltation 
  • methane released as organic matter decomposes once covered by water
  • loss of habitat 

49. Which of the following is a disadvantage of solar energy?

  • It can only be used effectively in certain regions and certain times of day
  • It produces greenhouse gases during use
  • It is a nonrenewable energy source
  • It is inexpensive compared to other sources

50. According to the second law of thermodynamics, whenever one form of energy is transformed into another,

  • all of the energy is put to work
  • all of the energy is converted into a less usable form, like heat
  • some of the energy is converted to a less usable form, like heat
  • 50% of the energy is put to work, the rest is lost as heat

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