About Psychology

People and society benefit from psychology, which is both practical and academic. Although a substantial portion of psychology is devoted to diagnosing and treating mental illness, this is just a small portion of psychology's influence.

As the world becomes more complicated, psychology aims to assist individuals in improving their own well-being and thriving in it as a result.

Meaning

Psychology is the study of thought and behavior. Human behavior is influenced by a wide range of elements, including biological, social, and environmental effects. In order to have a better knowledge of oneself and others, it is important to learn more about psychology and its various sub-disciplines.

Significance of Psychology

  • Individuals and society benefit from psychology in a variety of ways, including
  • Understanding why individuals act the way they do is also important.
  • Understanding the many influences on the human mind and behavior
  • Being aware of the factors that affect health and well-being on a daily basis
  • Enhancing product design through improving ergonomics
  • Aiming to improve the safety and efficiency of workplaces
  • The ability to inspire others to reach their aims
  • Increasing production

Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Psychology with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.

Psychology MCQ

1. Psychology refers to the ________.

  • empirical study of humanity
  • experimental study of individuals
  • scientific study of the mind
  • systematic study of human interaction

2. Cognitive psychology focuses on studying ________.

  • thoughts and their relationship to our experiences and our actions
  • genetics and the effect of genetics on behavior
  • sensation and the effect of culture on perception
  • the effect of gender, race, and class on behavior

3. Contemporary psychology is best defined as the scientific study of

  • conscious and unconscious mental activity.
  • observable responses to the environment
  • behavior and mental processes.
  • thoughts, feelings, and perceptions.

4. John b. watson believed that psychology should study:

  • The mind
  • conscious experience
  • Mental State
  • behavior

5. John b. watson believed that psychology should be the science of

  • observable behavior
  • cognitive processes
  • genetic predispositions
  • all of the above

6. Critics of evolutionary psychology are most likely to suggest that it underestimates the

  • extent to which certain gender differences in sexual behavior are common to all cultures.
  • impact of cultural expectations on human sexual behavior
  • both a and b
  • all of the above

7. Which of these is the most accurate definition of the discipline of psychology?

  • the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
  • the scientific study of mental processes
  • the scientific study of thoughts and feelings
  • the scientific study of behavior

8. John watson believed that psychology should focus on the study of

  • observable behavior
  • both a and b
  • all of the above
  • mental processes

9. Prompt feedback regarding your performance on psychology practice tests is most likely to inhibit

  • overconfidence.
  • the framing effect.
  • functional fixedness.
  • linguistic determination.

10. In the definition of psychology, the term mental processes refers to ________.

  • internal, covert activities
  • outward behavior
  • internal, feelings
  • only animal behavior

11. Psychology is the social science that studies human society and social behavior.

  • False
  • True

12. One of the three major concerns of developmental psychology centers around the issue of

  • identity or intimacy.
  • continuity or stages.
  • imprinting or object permanence.
  • conservation or egocentrism.

13. Social psychology differs from psychology in its focus on ________.

  • Enjoying the boring tasks
  • Influences of the social world
  • Impression formation
  • Interpersonal attraction

14. Which of the following statements best defines critical thinking in psychology?

  • thinking about thinking in order to make thinking better
  • it is the process of reflecting deeply, asking questions, and evaluating evidence.
  • both a and b
  • all of the above

15. Conduction hearing impairment refers to hearing problems that originate in the

  • outer ear
  • eardrum and middle ear
  • inner ear
  • auditory pathways and brain

16. Which of the following is not a goal of psychology

  • Measurement
  • Prediction
  • Control
  • Intellectualism

17. Which of the following is true about health psychology?

  • Health psychology is a one-dimensional approach to human health
  • Health psychologists study the roles of stress and coping in people's lives.
  • Health psychology focuses primarily on psychological disorders.
  • Health psychologists work in the area of mental health only.

18. Watson is to behaviorism as rogers is to _____ psychology.

  • Humanistic
  • Social-Cultural
  • Nature-nurture
  • Aristotle

19. Psychology's history as a science began _____.

  • in Austria, when Sigmund Freud published his studies on psychoanalysis in 1895.
  • in America, when William James published the book, Principles of Psychology in 1890.
  • in Germany, when Wilhelm Wundt set up the first psychological laboratory in 1879.
  • in Russia, when Ivan Pavlov published his research on conditioning in 1906.

20. As a science, psychology has four goals. which of the following is not one of those goals?

  • Eliminate behavior.
  • Explain behavior.
  • Predict behavior.
  • Control behavior.

21. What is Acoustic Encoding?

  • Attaching meaning to information
  • Repeat the information over and over
  • Only go over the information twice
  • Storing a picture of the information in your memory

22. Psychology has roots in the _______________________ sciences, which attempt to explain the nature of the physical world through observation and experimentation

  • social
  • natural
  • labratory
  • fake

23. Concurrent with the rise of gestalt psychology, the zeitgeist in physics was embracing ____.

  • positivism
  • operationism
  • operationism
  • field theory

24. John b. watson believed that psychology should involve the study of

  • the mind
  • behavior
  • the brain
  • conciousness

25. Which branch of psychology is most directly concerned with the study of how

  • developmental psychology
  • social psychology
  • personality psychology
  • personality psychology

26. Which of the following best describes how contemporary psychology views the mind?

  • Sam was alert and responsive as a baby, studied diligently in school, and was admitted to a top ranked college
  • Events seem more predictable after they have occurred.
  • both a and b
  • all of the above

27. Like evolutionary psychology, instinct theory most clearly assumed that behavior is influenced by

  • homeostasis.
  • set points.
  • incentives.
  • genetic predispositions.

28. Contemporary psychology is best defined as the science of:

  • Conscious and unconscious mental activity.
  • Observable responses to the environment.
  • Behavior and mental processes.
  • Maladaptive and adaptive behaviors.

29. Who was the functionalist who authored a textbook for the emerging discipline of psychology?

  • William James
  • John B. Watson
  • Wilhelm Wundt
  • Edward Titchene

30. Which perspective of psychology most clearly focuses on observable responses?

  • Functionalism
  • Behaviorism
  • Psychoanalysis
  • Structuralism

31. For watson, the goal of psychology is ____.

  • a unitary scheme of animal responses
  • a utopia based on operant conditioning principles
  • a utopia based on operant conditioning principles
  • the prediction and control of behavior

32. Which statement best reflects the approach of gestalt psychology?

  • The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.
  • Most humans try to achieve positive goals.
  • Deep psychological needs are the basis of behaviors.
  • Most people are motivated by selfish drives

33. John b watson believed that psychology should be the science of

34. Watson is to behaviorism as rogers is to _____ psychology

35. Gestalt psychology started as a movement opposed to ____.

  • functionalism
  • behaviorism
  • Wundt's approach
  • Titchener's system

36. Watson argued that areas of applied psychology can be considered scientific because they

  • are obviously so by their very nature
  • were considered to be so even by Wundt
  • were consistent with the theory of evolution
  • seek general laws for the prediction and control of behavior

37. Which branch of psychology is most directly concerned with the study

  • developmental psychology
  • Social psychology
  • personality psychology
  • experimental psychology

38. In jungian psychology, the ego is to consciousness as the _______ is to the whole personality.

  • Mandala
  • Individuation
  • Self
  • Complex

39. Developmental psychology can be best described as the study of

  • how we perceive information, how we learn and remember, how we acquire and use language, and how we solve problems
  • the links among brain, mind, and behavior.
  • the relationship between bodily systems and chemicals and their relationship to behavior and thought.
  • how thought and behavior change and show stability across the life span.

40. Personality psychology can be best defined as the study of

  • It is a pattern of enduring, distinctive thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that characterize the way an individual adapts to the world.
  • It is a behavioral pattern that aims to regulate arousal around an individual's baseline level
  • both a and b
  • all of the above

41. Today gestalt ideas are part of which branch of psychology

  • cognitive psychology
  • Gestalt Psychology:
  • both a and b
  • all of the above

42. Modern psychology is best described as the scientific study of

  • human thought and behavior
  • the mind
  • both a and b
  • all of the above

43. Which of the following perspectives of psychology emphasizes observable responses?

  • Behavioral
  • Cognitive
  • Neuroscience
  • Neuroscience

44. Albert Bandura's famous Bobo Doll experiment shows the power of

  • Observation
  • conformity
  • hositle aggression
  • instrumental aggression

45. emphasizes the role that thoughts play in determining behavior

  • evolutionary perspective
  • cognitive perspective
  • biological perspective
  • all of the above

46. emphasizes the influences of ethnicity, gender, culture, and socio-economic status on behavior and mental processes

  • evolutionary perspective
  • biological perspective
  • sociocultural perspective
  • all of the above

47. the scientific study of behavior and mental processes

  • psychology
  • biology
  • morality
  • behavior

48. Researchers use psychological constructs to describe things that cannot be seen, touched, or measured directly.

  • True
  • False

49. a group of people who share a common religion, color, or national origin

  • human group
  • psycho group
  • ethnic group
  • sans group

50. Psychological perspective that focuses on the interaction of biological processes, psychological dispositions, and social factors

  • humanistic perspective
  • biopsychosocial perspective
  • social-learning theory
  • all of the above

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