About Phytogeography

Phytogeography, the study of plant distributions, is the study of the distribution of plants across the globe. Phytogeography is an umbrella term that encompasses a variety of approaches to describing plant geographic distributions. These approaches include plant-specific taxonomy, biogeography and phylogenetics. Phytogeographers use these methods to produce a picture of how plants are distributed throughout the world. By understanding how plants are distributed, we can start to understand how climate change may be affecting their distributions, or how human activity may be affecting their distributions. For example, if we know that there are more invasive species in Europe than in Africa, then we can start to understand why this might be happening.

This field is gaining momentum as more and more data becomes available on the distribution of plant species. The availability of high-quality data sets has led to an increasing number of publications and research projects on plant distribution. In addition, advances in technology have allowed us to collect data from distant locations with higher resolution and greater accuracy than ever before. This technology has led to high-quality maps of plant occurrence that can be used as a reference for assessing changes in distribution due to climate and other factors affecting the environment.

Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Phytogeography with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.

Phytogeography MCQ

1. A regional ecological unit having a specific climate is –

  • Biome
  • Landscape
  • Ecosystem
  • Biotic community

2. False statement is –

  • habitat includes both biotic and abiotic factors
  • Ecology at the organismic level is essential physiological ecology
  • Abiotic and biotic components interact constantly with each other
  • None of the above

3. Biogeography is the study of the________________

  • climates of the world.
  • borders or boundaries of parishes.
  • distribution of plants and animals.
  • distribution of the world’s soils.

4. ________ studies the origin and landforms and how they change over time.

  • Geomorphology
  • Climatology
  • Phytogeography
  • Geology

5. _________ Geography examines the origin and growth of towns.

  • Regional
  • Rural
  • Urban
  • Political

6. Who predicts cold fronts and/ or hurricanes?

  • Weatherman
  • Climatologist
  • Meteorologist
  • GPS officer

7. ______studies the distribution of people locally, region and globally.

  • Geology
  • Political Geography
  • Oceanography
  • Population Geography

8. Who studies sediments, metamorphic and igneous rocks?

  • Soil Geographer
  • Geographer
  • Land Surveyor
  • Geologist

9. The study of Human geography includes sub branches in all of the following areas EXCEPT

  • Geology
  • Demography
  • cultural geography
  • economic geography

10. The branch of Geography that is responsible for weather forecasting is_______________.

  • Geology
  • Climatology
  • Geomorphology
  • Meteorology

11. An example of a physicals geographer is

  • Urban planner
  • Quality surveyor
  • Historian
  • Geomorphologist

12. ___________ conducts census to know the number of persons in each parish and population.

  • Resident surveyor
  • GIS specialist
  • Environmentalist
  • Demographer

13. A geologist studies all of the following except

  • Human remains
  • Volcanoes
  • Rocks
  • Fossils

14. All of the following are studied under physical geography EXCEPT

  • Water bodies
  • Festivals
  • Crops
  • Landforms

15. Which part of the plant makes the food?

  • roots
  • stem
  • leaf
  • flower

16. The part of the plant that holds the plant in place and absorbs water and minerals from the soil.

  • stem
  • roots
  • leaves
  • none of the above

17. Plant geography is otherwise called _______

  • Phytogeography
  • plant ecology
  • plant biology
  • none

18. Two plants can be conclusively said to belong to the same species if they

  • Can reproduce freely with each other and form seeds
  • Have more than 90 percent similar genes
  • Look similar and possess identical secondary metabolites
  • Have same number of chromosomes

19. The study of inter-relationship between living organisms and their environment is called

  • Ecosystem
  • Phytogeography
  • Ecology
  • Phytosociology

20. Ecology takes into account only

  • Environmental factors
  • Plant adaptations
  • Effect of environment on plants
  • All of the above

21. Individuals of a species which occur in a particular area constitute

  • Flora
  • Fauna
  • Population
  • Flora and fauna

22. Which one is the famous plant ecologist of India?

  • Charles Darwin
  • Ramdeva Misra
  • Birbal Sahani
  • Jagdish Chandra Bose

23. Basic unit of ecological hierarchy is

  • Ecosystem
  • Biological community
  • Population
  • Individual

24. Ecology is basically concerned with four levels of biology organizations. These levels are –

  • Organisms, populations, communities and biomes
  • Organisms and communities, species and population
  • Species, populations, biomes and organisms
  • Organisms, populations, biomes and species

25. Which of the following accounts for the formation of major biomes?

  • Annual variations in intensity of temperature
  • Annual variations in intensity and duration of temperature
  • Annual variation in precipitation
  • b and c

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