About Legal Studies

Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Legal Studies with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.

Legal Studies MCQ

1. The ability for a nation-state to govern activity within its borders without external interference refers to ________

  • state sovereignty

2. Which of the following is an example of a collective right?

  • Education
  • Trade unionism
  • Self­-determination
  • Freedom of association

3. What is a legal aid?

  • Someone who gives everyone a lawyer
  • Someone who makes agreements
  • Someone who helps out in court
  • Someone who assures everyone has access to a lawyer

4. Human rights are best protected in Australia when they are

  • subject to media attention.
  • incorporated into legislation
  • incorporated into the common law.
  • supported by non-government organisations.

5. The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights is an example of which of the following?

  • A statute
  • A treaty
  • Common law
  • Customary law

6. Who represents the accused in the court of law?

  • The counsel for the defence
  • The counsel for the attack
  • The counsel for the innocent
  • The counsel for the guilty

7. What is social cohesion?

  • Peace between countries and towns
  • When all people in society are friends
  • When there is no criminal activity
  • Balance and order within society

8. What is the purpose of the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC)

  • Makes recommendations regarding human rights
  • allows individuals to bring issues to the attention of the council
  • reviews the standards of human rights in different states
  • publicly promotes human rights

9. Who are the two parties involved in a criminal case?

  • Defendant and judge
  • Defendant and prosecution
  • Plaintiff and prosecution
  • Plaintiff and defendant

10. What is the main difference between a law and a rule?

  • Rules are for everyone; laws are for only certain groups.
  • The consequences for breaking rules are more severe.
  • The consequences for breaking laws are more severe.
  • Rules only apply in Qld, but laws apply everywhere.

11. Provide a definition of "Human Rights" (2 marks)

12. A jury is usually made up of _______ people:

  • 4
  • 12
  • 13
  • 14

13. Which of the following two reasons demonstrates why non-government organizations are important in promoting human rights?

  • They hold the international courts accountable
  • They enforce sanctions on human rights violations
  • They provide independent information to official human rights organizations
  • They raise public awareness

14. The judge decides who is guilty or innocent

  • True
  • False

15. The 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council have veto power

  • true
  • false

16. How does the separation of powers relate to human rights legislation in Australia?

  • The judiciary amends the legislation
  • The executive applies the legislation
  • The legislature interprets the legislation
  • The Governor­General reviews the legislation

17. What is a police officer allowed to do under a house search warrant?

  • Dig up land on the property
  • Remove walls or ceiling lining
  • Take jewellery for own self
  • Remove vehicle parts

18. What is the Adversarial System?

  • A panel of Jury members, used to determine guilt or innocence
  • A board of judges combining to have a mutual decision
  • Two Lawyers come to an agreement instead of going to court.
  • Milo choosing between his favourite students

19. Police are allowed to search apartments without warrants

  • True
  • False

20. What is the level to which guilt or liability needs to be proven in a CIVIL CASE?

  • Beyond Reasonable Doubt
  • If they look guilty
  • No doubt whatsoever
  • On the balance of probabilities

21. Which of the following are types of evidence

  • Oral
  • Facial Expression
  • Crime Scene
  • Fingerprint

22. To convict someone of a crime, it is possible to have either Mens Rea of Actus Reas but not the other

  • True
  • False

23. The act must have been the cause of harm expressed in the crime is what?

  • Orbiter Dictum
  • Statute
  • Concurrence
  • Causation

24. Actus Reas is defined as; A person who has guilty mind is personally responsible for an act or omission

  • True
  • False

25. What is Common Law?

  • Law that everyone must know
  • A reference for judges to determine the severity of a case
  • Law that is suggested and will not be prosecuted
  • Law that is already written and yet to be applied

26. Crime is defined as; An act or omission that constitutes a criminal offence against society

  • True
  • False

27. What is Ratio Decidendi?

  • Law that has been developed on the basis f preceding rulings by judges
  • The reason for deciding the outcome of a case
  • a certain legal practice is observed and the relevant actors consider it law (isn’t law but is followed as so)
  • 'By the law' statements the Judge writes to help explain a decision; not legally binding

28. The law applies equally to all; no-one is above the law

  • Customary Law
  • Justice
  • Rule of Law
  • Statute

29. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of an effective law?

  • Adaptable
  • Challenging
  • Enforceable
  • Stable & Consistent

30. Presumed that an accused person is innocent until proven guilty is what?

  • Onus of Proof
  • Jury Verdict
  • Presumption of Innocence
  • Standard of Proof

31. The prosecution in a criminal trial to prove that the accused person is guilty of the offence with which he or she is charged is what?

  • Jury Verdict
  • Standard of Proof
  • Presumption of Innocence
  • Onus of Proof

32. What is the aim of Amnesty International?

  • provide a platform to promote information for awareness and rally support for change
  • advocates on behalf of those whose human rights are infringed
  • take peoples human rights infringements to the government
  • Both A & B

33. What is the role of the Queensland Council for Civil Liberties?

  • ensures that all Queenslanders enjoy human rights
  • provides advocacy for human rights issues
  • provides a forum to build awareness and seek solutions for human rights
  • All of above

34. What is an implied right in the Australian Constitution?

  • right to vote
  • right to freedom of political communication
  • right to freedom of religion
  • right to trial by jury

35. The media informs the public on human rights violations

  • true
  • false

36. What is the UN General Assembly?

  • an assembly that discusses general Human Rights
  • ensures refugees human rights are upheld
  • hears complaints from individuals
  • main forum for International discussion, many relating to human rights

37. Who are the 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council?

  • France, Germany, Japan, USA, UK
  • France, USA, Russia, China, UK
  • Germany, Russia, Australia, UK, Japan
  • Australia, France, USA, Japan, Germany

38. What is the purpose of the UN Security Council?

  • maintains peace and security
  • can only authorise peace-keeping
  • can authorise peace-keeping, military action or sanctions
  • has legally binding resolutions

39. Examples of Non-Government Organisations (NGO)

  • The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Society
  • Australian Government
  • Amnesty International
  • World Council of Churches

40. What is the purpose of NGO's

  • tell the government what to do
  • research, document and investigate human rights cases
  • upholds the right to vote
  • informs the general public of what governments may not want them to know

41. What are some of the UN organs?

  • UN General Assembly
  • UN Security Council
  • Amnesty International
  • Economic and Social Council

42. Negatives to state sovereignty

  • can ignore domestic human rights violations
  • can ignore international human rights
  • can remove existing domestic human rights protections
  • can enact discriminatory laws

43. Positives to state sovereignty

  • exercise influence in international forums
  • cannot enter into international relations
  • can impose sanctions on other states for breaches of human rights
  • can implement domestic laws protecting human rights

44. What is state sovereignty?

  • a nation
  • the authority of a state to make decisions on behalf of itself
  • gives nation states autonomy with the responsibility to make decisions in the best interests of the states people
  • states can ignore international documents if they deem it to not be in their own best interests

45. What is a state?

  • a defined territory with an effective government
  • a dictatorship government
  • capacity to enter international relations
  • same as a nation

46. The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights hear individual complaints

  • true
  • false

47. What does the Human Rights Committee do?

  • publishes a report on each country who is signatory to the ICCPR
  • advocates for refugees
  • hears complaints brought by individuals against their own government
  • investigates reported violations of the ICCPR

48. Who monitors the compliance of the ICCPR?

  • Parliamentary Joint Committee on Human Rights
  • The Committee on economic, social and cultural rights
  • Human Rights Committee
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

49. What are the features of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)

  • 31 articles
  • one optional protocol
  • 7 parts
  • Both A & B

50. Human rights are;

  • universal
  • indivisible
  • inalienable
  • inherent
  • All of above

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