About Labour Law

Labour law is the varied body of law applied to such matters as employment, remuneration, conditions of work, trade unions, and industrial relations. In its most comprehensive sense, the term includes social security and disability insurance as well. Unlike the rules regulating a specific legal relationship, the elements of labor law are less homogenous than the laws of contract, tort or property. In addition to the individual contractual relationships growing out of the traditional employment situation, as mass production becomes more prevalent, labor law must address the complex web of legal entanglements that emerge between business and the state, as well as a range of social service-related rights and obligations.

Elements of labour law

Employment,  wages and remuneration, individual employment relationships, working conditions, wellness, welfare , and safety, social security,  industrial relations, and trade unions ,labor law administration, and special provisions for particular occupational or other groups are the nine broad categories under which labor law can be divided.

Aspects of Labour Law

The present trend in labor law has been to enhance legislative requirements and collective contractual ties at the expense of individual employment rights and obligations. This latter point is obviously dependent on the level of individual freedom and the degree of freedom granted to employers and employees alike by the economic system as a whole. In such matters as long periods of work, wellbeing and security conditions, or industrial relations, the legal or aggregate components might characterize a large portion of the the rights and obligations of the individual worker, while concerning such things as the length of his appointment, his level and degree of obligation, or his position in the size of compensation, these components might give what is basically a system for individual agreement.

Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Labour Law with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.

Labour Law MCQ

1. The Indian Labour Law is majorly concentrating on the problems related to

  • working condition
  • Labour Welfare
  • Social Security
  • All of the above

2. The classification of Labour law is majorly of ______ categories

  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5

3. The major classification of labour law are _____________ and _______________

  • Tripartite, individual
  • women&child, protective
  • collective and individual
  • All of the above

4. The labour law classified as the tripartite relationship between employee, employer and union is known as

  • Collective
  • individual
  • industrial
  • union

5. Laws related to Employees’ rights at work is classified under ________________ category of labour Law

  • Collective
  • individual
  • industrial
  • union

6. Which of the following legislations in India is governed by a tripartite organization consisting of representatives of labour, management and Government

  • industrial disputes act
  • esi act
  • maternity benefit act
  • payment of bonus act

7. Under which labour legislation in India the provision of check-off has been accepted?

  • industrial disputes act, 1947
  • trade unions act, 1926
  • payment of wages act, 1936
  • industrial employment (standing orders) act

8. When did The Child Labour (prohibition And Regulation) Act, 1986, come into force?

  • 01 April 1986
  • 01 March 1987
  • 01 May 1980
  • 23 December 1986

9. The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 is an example of

  • Regulative Labour Legislation
  • Protective Labour Legislation
  • Social Security Legislation
  • Welfare Legislation

10. Which of the following is not the objective of the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Bill proposed by the second National Commission on Labour?

  • To ensure that no child would be deprived of a future being deprived of education.
  • to ensure children not to work in situations where they are exploited.
  • to prohibit child labour in all employments irrespective of their coverage under the existing Act.
  • To tackle the problem of child labour by ensuring universal education.

11. Under the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986, a child is one who has not completed his

  • 18 years
  • 16 years
  • 15 years
  • 14 years

12. Before the industrial disputes act was implemented in the year 1947, which act took care of the industrial disputes

  • Trade Disputes Act, 1929
  • Royal Commission on Labour, 1934
  • Labour Management Relations Act, 1947
  • None of the above

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