About Kingdom Fungi

Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Kingdom Fungi with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.

Kingdom Fungi MCQ

1. Which of the following features that acts as an important fungal identification and classification in Basidiomycota?

  • Mycelium
  • Hyphae
  • Sexual spores
  • Cell wall

2. What is the similarity between Kingdom Monera, Fungi and Plantae?

  • All organisms consist of cell walls.
  • All organisms are eukaryotes.
  • All organisms are multicellular.
  • All organisms are not autotrophs.

3. Which of the following statements about organisms in the kingdom Fungi are TRUE?I. Cell wall mainly made of chitinII. Stores glycogenIII. Some fungi are motileIV. Heterotrophs

  • I, II and III
  • I, II and IV
  • II, III and IV
  • I, II, III and IV

4. Which is not true about fungi?

  • All are consumers
  • All are multicellular
  • Are eukaryotic
  • Can be useful to humans

5. What is an example of a fungus?

  • moss
  • mold
  • bryophyte
  • protist

6. Fungi are like plants in many ways except fungi

  • Do not have cellulose
  • Do not grow upward out of the soil
  • Cannot make their own food
  • Do not have eukaryotic cells

7. Which are examples of fungi?

  • mold
  • yeast
  • mushrooms
  • all of the above

8. A fungus is an organism whose cells have

  • a nuclei
  • cell walls
  • no chlorophyll
  • A, B and C

9. __________ are fungi that that produce the gas that makes bread rise.

  • Mushrooms
  • Athletes' foot
  • Blue Cheese
  • Yeast

10. Fungi cells walls are made of a material called ____.

  • cellulose
  • fibers
  • hyphae
  • chitin

11. An antibiotic made from a species of thread-like fungus.

  • lichen
  • mold
  • penicillin
  • asprin

12. Which of the following is NOT paired correctly?

  • Fungi - Autotrophic
  • Fungi - Saprotrophic
  • Fungi - Decomposers
  • Fungi - Eukaryotic

13. When fungi reproduce sexually, the offspring fungi are genetically ________________ from the parent fungi.

  • different from
  • identical to

14. Fungi are reproduced by

  • flower
  • seed
  • spore
  • cone

15. The organism used in bread, beer and wine production is the

  • Candida sp.
  • Saccharomyces sp.
  • Penicillium sp.
  • Agaricus sp.

16. The phylum of Mucor sp. is…

  • Ascomycota
  • Basidiomycota
  • Zygomycota
  • Bryophyta

17. Fungi can exist asI. saprotrophs II. autotrophs III. parasitesIV. mutualists

  • I only
  • I, II and III
  • I, III and IV
  • I, II and III

18. All statements below are true about Kingdom Fungi except

  • composed of mycelium
  • carbohydrate storage in the form of starch
  • no chlorophyll
  • cell wall made of chitin

19. Which of the characteristics is true about Penicillium sp.?

  • Asexual reproduction by conidia
  • Aseptate hyphae
  • Produce spores within sporangia
  • The phylum is Zygomycota

20. Which of the following is the mode of digestion for fungi?

  • Photosynthetic
  • Chemotrophic
  • Saprophytic
  • Holozoic

21. Which of the following statements are not the unique characteristics of fungi?

  • Reserve carbohydrate in form of glycogen
  • Non-motile
  • Can reproduce asexually and sexually
  • Cell wall made of peptidoglycan

22. Fungi are classified into three common phyla based on their:

  • Taste
  • Mycelium
  • Smell
  • Reproductive Structures

23. Which of the following does NOT describe a beneficial use of fungi to humans?

  • Fungi provide humans with oxygen during photosynthesis.
  • Fungi are nature's "recyclers" and return nutrients to the environment.
  • Fungi are used to create many medicines.
  • Fungi are used for food for making certain foods.

24. Which of the following does NOT describe the purpose of spores in fungi?

  • Absorb sunlight during photosynthesis
  • Used for asexual reproduction
  • Used for sexual reproduction
  • Produced by the gills of the basidia

25. Parasitic relationship means _______.

  • Organisms get their energy from dead or decaying matter.
  • Organisms get their energy from feeding on a host and harming it.
  • Organisms get their energy from feeding on a host and helping it.
  • none of the above

26. Saprophytic relationship means _______.

  • Organisms get their energy from dead or decaying matter.
  • Organisms get their energy from feeding on a host and harming it.
  • Organisms get their energy from feeding on a host and helping it.

27. Symbiotic relationship means _______.

  • Organisms get their energy from dead or decaying matter.
  • Organisms get their energy from feeding on a host and harming it.
  • Organisms get their energy from feeding on a host and helping it.
  • none of the above

28. To what domain does Kingdom Fungi belong?

  • Eukarya
  • Archaea
  • Bacteria
  • All of above

29. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Kingdom Fungi?

  • Autotrophic
  • Cell walls of chitin
  • Eukaryotic
  • Saprotrophic

30. Fungi are made up of filaments known as _________, which allow the fungus to digest substances and absorb nutrients.

  • Hyphae
  • Spores
  • Roots
  • Fruiting Bodies

31. What is the tangled, underground network of hyphae that makes up the largest portion of a fungus?

  • Mycelium
  • Basidia
  • Gills
  • Fruiting Body

32. What is the above-ground, reproductive structure produced by fungi?

  • Fruiting body
  • Hyphae
  • Mycelium
  • Chitin

33. The cells walls of fungi are made of a chemical compound known as ____________.

  • Chitin
  • Cellulose
  • Phospholipid Bilayer
  • Calcium Carbonate

34. Which of the following best describes how fungi obtain their nutrition and energy?

  • Digest --> Ingest
  • Ingest --> Digest
  • Photosynthesi
  • Autotrophic

35. This term describes a form of asexual reproduction utilized by yeasts in which 2 identical cells are produced.

  • Budding
  • Conjugation
  • Fragmentation
  • Fertilization

36. Certain fungi exists in mutualistic relationships with plants, wrapping around the roots of the plant. This increases the surface area of the plant roots and allows them to absorb more nutrients. Fungi in this relationship are known as _____________.

  • Mychorrizae
  • Lichen
  • Diatoms
  • Bracket Fungi

37. What do fungi use to reproduce?

  • Hyphae
  • Branches
  • Spores
  • They split apart

38. Fungi produce spores in ____

  • hyphae
  • orange peels
  • fruiting bodies
  • the dirt they grow in

39. True or False: Fungi are eukaryotes.

  • True
  • False

40. The best environment for fungi is... Check all that apply

  • Moist
  • Warm
  • Dry
  • Both A & B

41. Almost all fungi are:

  • autotrophs
  • unicellular
  • multicellular
  • parasitic

42. What is a hyphae?

  • Part of a fungi where spores are made
  • Part of a fungi used for reproduction
  • Part of a fungi used for obtaining food
  • Part of a fungi used for movement

43. Saprophytic fungi eat:

  • Live plants
  • Live animals
  • Inorganic matter
  • Dead/decaying organisms

44. Parasitic fungi feed off of:

  • Different bodies of water
  • A living host
  • Dead/decaying organisms
  • Parasites

45. Fungi do not use roots to anchor to their food source. Instead they use __________.

  • xylem
  • hyphae
  • spores
  • gills

46. Fungi can be ____. Check all that apply

  • heterotrophs
  • consumers
  • decomposers
  • All of above

47. Which of these statement are true of fungi? Check all that apply.

  • Fungi are eukaryotes
  • Most fungi are multicellular.
  • Most fungi are heterotrophs.
  • All of above

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