About Foundation engineering

Foundation Engineering: Everything You Need to Know

Do you need to have a firm understanding of foundation engineering in order to be successful in the business world? Absolutely not! However, it never hurts to know as much as possible about the topic.

Foundation Engineering: Everything You Need to Know Do you need to have a firm understanding of foundation engineering in order to be successful in the business world? Absolutely not! However, it never hurts to know as much as possible about the topic.

There are two main types of foundation systems: shallow foundation systems and deep foundation systems. Shallow foundation systems are typically used for small, lightweight structures. Deep foundation systems are required for taller buildings and heavier loads.

Pile foundations are a type of deep foundation system that is often used in foundation engineering. Piles are long, slender columns that are driven into the ground until they reach a firm layer of soil. Once the piles are in place, a concrete foundation is built on top of them.

Pile foundation systems are often used in areas where the ground is too soft to support a traditional foundation system. They are also used in areas that are prone to earthquakes or other natural disasters. If you're interested in learning more about foundation engineering, there are plenty of resources available online.

Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Foundation engineering with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.

Foundation engineering MCQ

1. How is mathematics used in science and engineering?

  • in estimating materials and cost
  • in measurements
  • to analyze data
  • All of above

2. A large factor of safety should be adopted in the design of _____ as it is difficult to assess the actual loads.

  • Pile method
  • Horizontal shore
  • Pit method
  • Vertical shores

3. What is something very important for a Sky Scraper to have?

  • Grass in the front
  • Stairs
  • A tall pole on top
  • A good solid foundation

4. What is a Sky Scrapper?

  • A large/tall building
  • Something in Star Wars
  • A plane that cleans the sky
  • A fort

5. The field of engineering focused on structures and buildings of all kinds.

  • Industrial Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • none of the above

6. What is a foundation?

  • The lowest load bearing part of a building
  • Makeup
  • A type od soda
  • Jacket with extra pockets

7. Which of the following is not the type of Line Structure :

  • DTR Structure –SP / DP PSC / RSJ / Tubular
  • Equipment Support Structure –DP / Lattice
  • Road / River Crossing RSJ / Tubular / Lattice
  • None

8. Were you able to do the STEM activity and build a tower?

  • Yes
  • No

9. How could you increase the gravitational potential energy of an object without changing its mass and gravity?

  • Make the object larger
  • Lower the object towards the ground
  • Raise the object farther off the ground
  • Allow the object to roll on the ground

10. What is the formula for Gravitational Potential Energy?

  • PE = mgh
  • KE = 1/2mv2
  • W = Fd
  • P = W/t

11. Which of these types of maintenance is a reactive type of maintenance?

  • Routine maintenance
  • Scheduled maintenance
  • Corrective maintenance
  • Condition-based maintenance

12. Preventive maintenance is carried out to avoid breakdown/defects in buildings and services.

  • True
  • False

13. It occurs when an asset requires immediate attention in order to keep a facility operational or safe. What type of maintenance is this?

  • Planned maintenance
  • Corrective maintenance
  • Running maintenance
  • Emergency maintenance

14. The following are the ways of achieving underpinning except

  • soil treatment
  • Piling
  • Load transfer and soil treatment
  • Load transfer

15. The following is not a classification of maintenance

  • Preventive maintenance
  • Scheduled maintenance
  • Timely maintenance
  • Corrective maintenance

16. Which type of energy increases when you compress a spring?

  • elastic potential energy
  • kinetic energy
  • radiant energy
  • sound energy

17. Which of the following is not the type of Road :

  • Flexible Pavement
  • Rigid Pavement
  • WBM Road Foot Path
  • Wooden Pavement

18. Which of the following is type of Transformer Foundation:-

  • Pedestal Type
  • Block Type
  • Both of the above
  • None of these

19. When one building is higher than the other, _________ may be provided on the horizontal shores.

  • Pit Underpinning
  • Flying shore
  • Pile Underpinning
  • Raking shore

20. How much KE does a moving 6 kilogram object have if it moves with a velocity of 3 m/s?

  • 27 J
  • 18 J
  • 9 J
  • 2 J

21. The correct statements about engineering.

  • Solutions meet a want or need.
  • Solutions come in different forms because they help solve problems.
  • Solutions are the technology all around us.
  • All of above

22. This variable in an experiment is the one being changed by the scientist.

  • dependent (responding) variable
  • independent (manipulated) variable
  • observations
  • control group

23. Which of the following is a disadvantage of the pit method of underpinning?

  • Simplicity of the engineering
  • Having moderate deformation of the structure
  • Low cost of labor to produce result
  • None of the above

24. This underpinning method strengthens an existing structure's foundation by digging boxes by hand underneath and sequentially pouring concrete in astrategic order. What type of underpinning is this?

  • Beam and base underpinning
  • Traditional underpinning
  • Pile underpinning
  • Micro-pile underpinning

25. Mini-piled underpinning is generally used when the loads from the foundations need to be transferred to stable soils at considerable depths - usually in excess of 5 meters

  • True
  • False

26. The combination of technical and administrative actions to ensure the items and elements of a building in an acceptable standard to perform its required function is known as

  • Fabrication
  • Construction
  • Building maintenance
  • Renovation

27. Beam design is dependent upon the configuration of the building and the applied loads.

  • True
  • False

28. If your lab partner gets chemicals in his/her eyes, the first thing you should do is

  • Clean up spilled chemical
  • Call 9-11
  • Take them to eye wash and tell the teacher immediately
  • Make the person sit down to calm their nerves

29. Underpinning is the process of strengthening and stabilizing the foundation of an existing building or other structure.

  • True
  • False

30. The following are advantages of mass concrete underpinning except

  • Speed in execution of work
  • Simplicity of engineering work
  • Continuous use of building whiles undertaking the work
  • Low cost of labor

31. Scheduled maintenance is _______ between breakdown maintenance and the preventive maintenance.

  • Joint
  • Compromise
  • Bridge
  • In

32. As mass increases, KE ...

  • increases
  • decreases
  • stays the same
  • All of above

33. The following is (are) scheduled maintenance

  • Overhauling of machine
  • Cleaning of tank
  • Whitewashing of building
  • All of the above

34. A systematic approach for maintenance is

  • Problem – Cause – Diagnosis – Rectification
  • Problem– Diagnosis – Cause – Rectification
  • Problem – Measure – Diagnosis – Rectification
  • Problem– Diagnosis – Measure – Rectification

35. Belt of an electric motor is broken, it needs

  • Corrective maintenance
  • Scheduled maintenance
  • Preventive maintenance
  • Timely maintenance

36. With the increase in preventive maintenance cost, breakdown maintenance cost

  • Increases
  • Decreases
  • Remain same
  • Any of the above

37. In ____ method, the piles are driven along both the sides of existing wall and the needle in the form of pile caps are provided through the existing one.

  • Miscellaneous method
  • Vibroflotation
  • Pit method
  • Pile method

38. In _____ method of underpinning, the existing wall is divided into suitable sections of width about 1.20 metre to 1.50 metre.

  • Chemical Method
  • Pile Method
  • Miscellaneous Method
  • Pit Method

39. ELECTRICAL CONDUITS should be laid :-

  • AFTER PLASTERING
  • AFTER PAINTING COMPLETED
  • DURING BRICK WORK
  • NONE

40. The placing of new Foundation below and existing foundation of the process of strengthening the existing Foundation is known as the ___________ of foundation.

  • Shoring
  • Underpinning
  • Grouting
  • Scaffolding

41. What is WBM Road Foot Path :-

  • Water Bound Macadam
  • Water Below Main Road
  • Water Between Main Road
  • Water Bounded by main road

42. Which of the following is not Major Equipment :

  • AB Switch
  • VCB
  • Transformer
  • HG Fuse

43. For Thermal Expansion and Contraction and to resist Sway Caused by Wind in Boundary Wall :-

  • Expansion joint at Every 2‐5 m
  • Expansion joint at Every 4‐8 m
  • Expansion joint at Every 12‐15 m
  • None

44. Which of the following is not correct for Pole Structures :

  • The pole shall be erected such that minimum 1/6th of the total length of the pole shall be embedded into the ground surface
  • Orientation of Poles structures shall be according to the loading or stringing direction
  • The loading on the poles can be exceeded its design capacity, consider a considerable factor of safety on loads as the poles are manufactured in un-monitored conditions
  • The pole shall be erected such that minimum 1/6th of the total length of the pole shall be embedded into the ground surface

45. Which of the following is not the type of Pole Foundation :

  • Rectangular
  • Circular
  • Pyramidal
  • None

46. What is the MINIMUM REQUIREMENT of Contour survey extending outside the boundary wall on all sides :

  • up to at least 2 m
  • up to at least 5 m
  • up to at least 10 m
  • None

47. In reamed piles type of Deep Foundations :-

  • are constructed to a depth of 1 to 3m into the ground
  • are constructed to a depth of 3 to 8m into the ground
  • are constructed to a depth of 10 to 18m into the ground
  • None

48. Which of the following is not the type of Substation Structure :

  • Gantry Structure–DP / Lattice
  • Outgoing Feeder–RSJ Pole (DP)
  • Road / River Crossing RSJ / Tubular / Lattice
  • Equipment Support Structure –DP / Lattice

49. In Friction piles type of Deep Foundations :-

  • Terminated at Lower depth
  • Terminated at Higher depth
  • Terminated at Average depth
  • None

50. For Field Test , Significant depth of Exploration For Pile fdn :

  • 1m to 5m
  • 5m to 15m
  • 20m to 35m
  • All of above

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