Among the many subfields within ecology are humanities like demography and sociology, as well as ecological concepts like ecosystems and biosphere. As a discipline, ecology studies the interactions between organisms, their environment, and their environment. Many different scales are used to examine this phenomenon: individual organisms, regional populations and biosphere, to name a few.
The major objective of an ecologist is to enhance their knowledge of biological processes, adaptations and habitats, interactions, and biodiversity.
Types of Ecology
- Population Ecology
- Landscape Ecology
- Organismal Ecology
- Global Ecology
- Ecosystem Ecology
- Community Ecology
Importance of Ecology
The following reasons explain the importance of ecology:
Conservation of Environment
Ecology helps to teach us how our activities impact the ecosystem. It demonstrates to the public the full scope of human impact on the environment.
The damage of the land and the ecosystem has been caused by a lack of understanding of ecology. Some species have been driven to extinction or are in grave danger as a result of this trend. There are several examples, such as dinosaurs, white shark, and mammoths. That's why it's important to research the environment and creatures so that we can keep them safe.
The understanding of how organisms interact with their environment can help us determine what resources they need to thrive. These resources have become scarce and depleted due to a lack of ecological awareness, resulting in competition.
Energy is a necessity for all living things in order to thrive and develop. Light, food, and radiation are just a few of the resources that are being overused due to a lack of ecological knowledge.
Preventing excessive waste of energy resources is a major benefit of having a thorough understanding of ecological requirements.
Ecology supports species harmony and the adoption of a way of life that protect the ecology of life's ecosystems.
Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Ecology with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.
1. A collection of organisms that belong to different populations but all live in the same area and interact with one another.
2. Nitrogen fixation processes nitrogen from which of the following sources?
3. Which event would not cause secondary succession?
4. Which is an example of where primary succession could occur?
5. What would be a good example of a primary consumer?
6. Which is not a biome found in North America?
7. Individuals that can breed with one another make up a
8. What is the role of fungi in food webs?
9. Which of these are negative consequences of farming?
10. Photosynthesis will most likely appear in which of these cycles?
11. Nitrogen makes up _____ percent of the atmosphere.
12. Which biome, because of its climate and amount of rainfall, has the largest number of species of plants and animals?
13. A lion that eats a zebra that eats grass is a
14. A carbon "sink" is best described as:
15. Introduced species disrupt ecosystems because they are a/an
16. Which of these is not a characteristic share by all living things
17. The air we breathe is only ____% oxygen.
18. Organisms that obtains its energy from abiotic sources, such as sunlight or inorganic chemicals
19. What would happen within a few months after the formation of a volcanic island?
20. Mistletoe grows and spreads on trees, taking their nutrients:
21. Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant gives of purified water to be evaporated.
22. The nonliving aspects of an ecosystem.
23. In the Article "The Critical Link", breaking down barriers that deny women access to health care, family planning, education, land ownership, employment and credit is linked to ________
24. Soil and sediments is created by the physical and chemical ____________ of igneous rock.
25. An underground reservoir of water is known as ______
26. Approximately 90 percent of energy iconsumed by an organism is lost to ___
27. An important attribute of a K-strategist species is _____
28. What is the term for each step in the transfer of energy and matter within a biological community?
29. What is an ecological model of the relationships that form a network of complex interactions among organisms in a community from producers to decomposers?
30. Territorial behaviors can be...
31. Which of these are ways that animals will use to conserve energy during the winter?
34. When members of a population work together it is called...
35. Evaporation and Transpiration will most likely appear in which of these cycles?
36. Which organisms have the ability to use the sun's energy to PRODUCE glucose?
37. Which organisms convert Nitrogen in the atmosphere to a usable for for plants and animals?
38. Which of these is the main source of energy on Earth?
39. Which of these is the foundation of the Food Web and Energy Pyramid?
40. A collection of organisms that make up a community as well as all of the nonliving aspects of the environment.
41. plants that convert energy from the sun
42. Organisms that breaks down and absorbs nutrients from dead organisms
43. Study of interactions between organisms and their environment
44. A graphic illustration that shows each trophic level and the amount of useable energy contained within.
45. As you move upward, from level to level, in an energy pyramid, energy _____.
46. The amount of energy that usually transfers from one trophic level to the next...
47. An illustration that uses arrows to show the MANY possible directions in which matter and energy can pass through the organisms in an ecosystem.
48. The living portions of the ecosystem.
49. Which one is not a consumer?
50. What does every food chain start with? (Even if it's not drawn or written there!)
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