The overarching goal of Earth science is to gain an understanding of Earth's existing features and past evolution and to put that understanding to good use for humans. This means that a scientist's primary goal in his or her field is to collect data and make hypotheses to explain the planet's features and evolution, as well as devise methods of comparing the relative merits of competing hypotheses. It's via this process that the most logical, palatable, and long-lasting concepts are generated.
The study of the solid Earth, its oceans, and the air that encircles it are known as Earth sciences. Geology, hydrology, and atmospheric science are all covered.
There have been four and a half billion years of biotic evolution that have been studied in Earth science.
Because of this, understanding these occurrences is vital to the survival of life on Earth.
More about Earth Science!
Besides the surface of the solid Earth, the physical environment in which people live comprises not only the ground under it, but also the ocean and air above it. Demand for resources, natural disaster losses as well as environmental pollution are growing as the world population continues to grow. We can only continue to live if we have a thorough scientific grasp of the interconnections between the Earth's crust, oceans, atmosphere, and biosphere. Where these two conditions meet, life thrives or dies on the surface of the Earth
Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Earth Science with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.
Earth Science MCQ
1. What is a renewable resource?
2. What is an inexhaustible resource?
3. The Hawaiian Islands were formed from volcanoes in the Pacific Ocean. Was this a fast process or a slow process?
4. The second layer of the earth goes down 1800 miles. It is called the
5. A possible explanation for a set of observations or answer to a scientific question is called a _____ .
6. What are the 3 major types of rocks?
7. How is it possible for new crust to be formed without increasing the surface area of the Earth?
8. Cracks in the plates of the Earth
9. What option shows an example of a renewable and nonrenewable natural resources?
10. The movement of weathered rock and soil
11. Soil made up of large grains
13. The biosphere and the geosphere interact by...
14. We can help the Earth by...
15. The outermost layer of the earth is about 3 to 30 miles thick. It is called the
16. Oldham found the earth's core when he saw that seismic waves from ___________ didn't go straight through the center of the earth.
17. Rock that forms when sediment from older rocks get pressed and cemented together.
18. Which of these can rapidly affect Earth’s surface?
19. Wind, water, and ice breaking down rock is called
20. What is a non-renewable resource?
21. In the erosion lab, what caused an increase in weathering, erosion, and deposition?
22. Which of the following is the name of the ancient supercontinent formed 28 Million Years ago.
23. A divergent boundary occurs when plates ....
24. You are planning to buy a home along a river. You want to make sure that your home is safe from flooding and erosion. Which home should you buy?
25. Farmers often have trouble with their topsoil washing away during times of heavy rainfall. What could they do to keep the soil from washing away or eroding?
26. In a drought, farmers often have problems with their topsoil blowing away when it gets really dry. What could farmers do to keep the lightweight, dry soil from blowing away or eroding?
27. Organic matter is a main part of soil. What is the other main part of soil?
28. The land feature formed when sediment is deposited at the mouth of a river is called a(n) ____________.
29. The type of plate boundary where two plates come together is a .....
30. In the erosion lab, the larger, heavier sediments were generally deposited in the canyon and alluvial fan. Why did this happen?
31. Cause: Erosion of land on an inland farm.
32. In the rock cycle, what causes metamorphic rock to form?
33. In the rock cycle, what causes sedimentary rock to form?
34. In the rock cycle, what causes igneous rock to form?
35. Mount Everest grows 2 inches per year as the tectonic plates below it move toward each other. Which of Earth's processes causes this?
36. After a very heavy rain, a large amount of Earth breaks loose on a hillside. Which of Earth's processes caused this?
37. Sand dunes in the Middle East are created when the wind moves sand from deserts to new places. The sand being moved to a new location is an example of which of Earth's processes?
38. In the erosion lab, the smaller and lighter sediments, such as clay and silt, were generally deposited downstream in the basin. Why did this happen?
39. The Hawaiian Islands were formed as a result of _____________.
40. Hurricanes can be harmful.
41. Hurricanes can be helpful.
42. Complete the statement: 1.______________ breaks rock down into tiny particles (sediment). Over time, 2.__________________, along with particles of organic material, are formed. The top layers 3.____________ on the bottom layers, forming sedimentary rocks.
43. Cause: Erosion of land next to the ocean.
44. Rock once melted, cooled and hardened
45. A landslide occurs after a flash flood's flowing water caused large portions of the riverbank to be washed away. Was the land impacted by a constructive force or a destructive force?
46. Physical weathering...
47. When water is warmed it evaporates and then cooled and condenses, it then will eventually...
48. Chemical weathering...
49. Process by which sediments are dropped by erosion, such as water dropping seashells
50. Result of water, wind, and ice breaking up rocks
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