Communication Systems MCQ Electrical Engineering

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About Communication Systems

Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Communication Systems with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.

Communication Systems MCQ

1. Circular polarization

  • Is useful in reducing depolarization effect on received wave
  • Involves critical alignment of transmitting and receiving antenna
  • Is useful in discrimination between reception of adjacent beams
  • None of the above

2. PAM stands for

  • Pulse Analogue Modulation
  • Phase Analogue Modulation
  • Pulse Amplitude Modulation
  • Phase Amplitude Modulation

3. VSB modulation is preferred in TV because

  • It reduces the bandwidth requirement to half
  • It avoids phase distortion at low frequencies
  • It results in better reception
  • None of the above

4. For attenuation of high frequencies we should use

  • Shunt capacitance
  • Series capacitance
  • Inductance
  • Resistance

5. A woofer should be fed from the input through a

  • Low pass filter
  • High pass filter
  • Band pass filter
  • Band stop filter

6. Commercial Frequency deviation of FM is

  • 70 kHz
  • 75 kHz
  • 80 kHz
  • 65 kHz

7. DVD uses

  • Laser beam for both recording and playback
  • Laser beam for recording and video head for playback
  • Video head for recording and laser beam for playback
  • None of the above

8. A modem is classified as low speed if data rate handled is

  • Upto 100 bps
  • Upto 250 bps
  • Upto 400 bps
  • Upto 600 bps

9. In Pulse Code Modulation system

  • Large bandwidth is required
  • Quantising noise can be overcome by companding
  • Quantising noise can be reduced by decreasing the number of standard levels
  • Suffers from the disadvantage of its incompatibly with TDM

10. The main function of a balanced modulator is to

  • Produce balanced modulation of a carrier wave
  • Produce 100% modulation
  • Suppress carrier signal in order to create a single-sideband or double sideband
  • Limit noise picked by a receiver

11. Which of the following does not cause losses in optical fibre cables?

  • Stepped index operation
  • Impurities
  • Microbending
  • Attenuation in glass

12. A buffer amplifier is

  • A double-tuned amplifier
  • A high gain amplifier
  • A cathode follower stage
  • None of the above

13. For a given carrier wave, maximum undistorted power is transmitted when value of modulation is

  • 1
  • 0.8
  • 0.5
  • 0

14. Full duplex operation permits transmission in both directions at the same time.

  • True
  • False

15. In TV systems, equalising pulses are sent during

  • Horizontal blanking
  • Vertical blanking
  • Serrations
  • Horizontal retrace

16. For a plate-modulated class C amplifier the plate supply voltage is E. The maximum plate cathode voltage could be almost high as

  • 2E
  • 3E
  • 4E
  • 6E

17. In Modulation, “carrier” is

  • Resultant wave
  • Speech voltage to be transmitted
  • Voltage with constant frequency, phase or amplitude
  • Voltage for which frequency, phase or amplitude is varied

18. If in a broadcasting studio, a 1000 kHz carrier is modulated by an audio signal of frequency range 100-5000 kHz, the width of channel is __________ kHz.

  • 5
  • 4.9
  • 995
  • 10

19. The modulation index of an FM is changed from 0 to 1. How does the transmitted power change?

  • Gets halved
  • Gets doubled
  • Gets increased by 50 percent
  • Remains unchanged

20. In case of frequency modulation, modulating voltage remains constant if the modulating frequency is lowered, then

  • Amplitude of distant sidebands decreases
  • Amplitude of distant sidebands increases
  • Amplitude of distant sidebands remains constant
  • Amplitude of distant sidebands first increases, then decreases

21. It is found that a ship to ship communication suffers from fading. This can be avoided by using

  • Space diversity
  • Frequency diversity
  • Broad band antenna
  • Directional antenna

22. Assertion (A): In FM the frequency of the carrier is varied by the modulating voltageReason (R): FM and PM are two forms of angle modulation.

  • Both A and R are correct and R is correct explanation of A
  • Both A and R are correct but R is not correct explanation of A
  • A is correct but R is wrong
  • A is wrong but R is correct

23. In a FM receiver, amplitude limiter

  • Amplifiers low frequency signals
  • Reduces the amplitude of signals
  • Eliminates any change in amplitude of received FM signals
  • None of the above

24. Under ordinary circumstances, impulse noise can be reduced in

  • FM only
  • AM only
  • Both AM and FM
  • None of the above

25. A zero mean white Gaussian noise is passed through an ideal low pass filter of bandwidth 10 kHz. The output of the samples so obtained would be

  • Correlated
  • Statistically independent
  • Uncorrelated
  • Orthogonal

26. A three stage telephone switching structure is to have 128 input and 128 output terminals. There are 16 first stage and 16 third stage matrices. To avoid blocking the number of intermediate paths required is

  • 16
  • 15
  • 8
  • 1

27. For a low level AM system, the amplifiers modulated stage must be

  • Linear devices
  • Harmonic devices
  • Class C amplifiers
  • Non-linear devices

28. In case of low level amplitude modulation system, the amplifiers following the modulated stage must be

  • Class C amplifiers
  • Linear devices
  • Non-linear devices
  • Harmonic devices

29. An FM radio receiver which is tuned to a 91.6 MHz broadcast station may receive an image frequency of __________ MHz.

  • 102.3
  • 113
  • 70.2
  • 80.9

30. Skip distance depends on time of day and angle of incidence.

  • True
  • False

31. If sampling is done at the rate of 10 kHz. The bandwidth required is

  • 35 kHz
  • 70 kHz
  • 10 kHz
  • 1280 kHz

32. In practical commercial FM system, channel bandwidth is

  • 150 kHz
  • 100 kHz
  • 88 MHz
  • 108 MHz

33. In EM waves, polarization

  • Is always vertical in an isotropic medium
  • Is caused by reflection
  • Is due to transverse nature of waves
  • Results from longitudinal nature of waves

34. An audio signal (say from 50 Hz to 10000 Hz) is frequency translated by a carrier having a frequency of 106 Hz. The values of initial (without frequency translation) and final (after frequency translation) fractional change in frequency from one band edge to the other are

  • 200 and 1.01
  • 200 and 10.01
  • 200 and 100.1
  • 200 and 200

35. If output power of a radio receiver is doubled, its volume is increased by __________ dB.

  • 2
  • 3
  • 1
  • -3

36. As per Shannon-Hartley theorem, a noise less Gaussian channel has

  • Zero capacity
  • Infinite capacity
  • Small capacity
  • None of the above

37. The direction of rotation of a CD is

  • Clockwise
  • Anticlockwise
  • Clockwise or anticlockwise depending on frequency of data stored
  • Mostly anticlockwise but some times clockwise

38. What is the purpose of peak clipper circuits in radio transmitters?

  • To prevent overmodulation
  • To reduce bandwidth
  • To increase bandwidth
  • To regulate oscillator I/P voltage

39. The characteristic impedance of a twin wire feeder used for TV signals is about

  • 1000 ohm
  • 500 ohm
  • 300 ohm
  • 100 ohm

40. SSB can be generated by

  • Filter method
  • Phase cancellation method
  • Good attenuation characteristics
  • All of the above

41. Which of the following is used to generate PDM?

  • Free running multi-vibrator
  • Monostable multi-vibrator
  • JK flip-flop
  • Schmitt trigger

42. The frequency range of 300 kHz to 3000 kHz is known as

  • Low frequency
  • Medium frequency
  • High frequency
  • Very high frequency

43. When the length of antenna is a whole wavelength

  • The radiation at right angles is zero
  • The radiation at right angles is maximum
  • The radiation is zero in all directions
  • The radiation is maximum in all directions

44. A telephone channel requires a bandwidth of about

  • 1 kHz
  • 3 kHz
  • 10 kHz
  • 50 kHz

45. Fourier analysis indicate that a square wave can be represented as

  • A fundamental sine wave and odd harmonics
  • A fundamental sine wave and even harmonics
  • A fundamental sine wave and harmonics
  • Fundamental and subharmonic sine waves

46. The colour of an object is decided by

  • The reflected colour
  • The wavelength transmitted through it
  • Reflected colour for opaque object and wavelength transmitted through it for transparent objects
  • None of the above

47. Which of the following is an indirect way of generating FM?

  • Armstrong modulator
  • Varactor diode modulator
  • Reactance FET modulator
  • Reactance bipolar transistor

48. Which of the following is a digital modulation technique?

  • PCM
  • PSK
  • DM
  • All

49. In a TV receiver antenna the length of reflector rod

  • Is the same as that of dipole
  • Is less than that of dipole
  • Is more than that of dipole
  • May be equal, more or less than that of dipole

50. One of the advantages of base modulation over collector modulation of a transistor class C amplifier is

  • Improved efficiency
  • Better linearity
  • High power output per transistor
  • The lower modulating power requirement

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