About Building Construction

Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Building Construction with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.

Building Construction MCQ

1. An arch constructed with finely dressed stones, is known

  • Ashlar arch
  • Rubble arch
  • Gauged arch
  • Axed arch

2. Stud(s) of a common wooden partition

  • Are vertical wooden members
  • Is the upper horizontal wooden member
  • Is the lower horizontal wooden member
  • Are the intermediate horizontal wooden members

3. The projections of head or sill of a door or window frame are

  • Transoms
  • Horns
  • Stops
  • Chocks

4. The portion of a brick cut across the width, is called

  • Closer
  • Half brick
  • Bed
  • Bat

5. Which one of the following activities is not correct as applicable to brick corbels

  • The maximum projection of the corbel should not be more than the thickness of the wall
  • The maximum projection of each corbel course should be limited to a quarter brick at a time
  • The discontinuous corbels are used to carry heavy concentrated loads
  • Stretcher bond is generally used for the construction of brick corbel

6. Suitable spacing of timber piles, is

  • 50 cm
  • 60 cm
  • 80 cm
  • 90 cm

7. The triangular portion between any two adjacent arches and the tangent to their crowns, is

  • Haunch
  • Spandril
  • Soffit
  • Rise

8. The raft slab is projected beyond the outer walls of the structure by

  • 5 to 10 cm
  • 15 to 20 cm
  • 25 to 30 cm
  • 30 to 45 cm

9. In jack arch floor, the rise is kept

  • 1/6th of the span
  • 1/8th of the span
  • 1/10th of the span
  • 1/12th of the span

10. In which of the following pairs both trees yield soft wood?

  • Deodar and Shishum
  • Chir and sal
  • Sal and teak
  • Chir and deodar

11. The stone blocks approximately triangular in shape, used as steps, are known

  • Stone steps
  • Built up steps
  • Spandril steps
  • None of these

12. The type of footing which is used to transmit heavy loads through steel columns is

  • Raft foundation
  • Grillage foundation
  • Well foundation
  • Isolated footing

13. Safe bearing capacity of black cotton soil varies from

  • 2 to 3 t/m²
  • 5 to 7.5 t/m²
  • 8 to 10 t/m²
  • 10 to 12 t/m²

14. The member which is placed horizontally to support common rafter of a sloping roof, is

  • Purlin
  • Cleat
  • Batten
  • Strut

15. The entrained concrete is used in lining walls and roofs for making

  • Heat insulated
  • Sound insulated
  • Neither (A) nor (B)
  • Both (A) and (B)

16. The wedge shaped bricks forming an arch ring, are called

  • Soffits
  • Voussoirs
  • Haunches
  • Spandrils

17. The minimum distance between the centers of bulb of diameter du, of a multi under reamed piles, is

  • 1.35 du
  • 1.25 du
  • 1.5 du
  • 1.75 du

18. The horizontal timber piece provided at the apex of a roof truss which supports the common rafter is called

  • Ridge board
  • Hip rafter
  • Eaves board
  • Valley rafter

19. The vertical sides of a door and window openings provided in a wall, are known as

  • Verticals
  • Reveals
  • Jambs
  • None of these

20. If the depth of an excavation is 20 meters, number of single stage well points to be installed at various levels, is

  • 5
  • 4
  • 3
  • 2

21. The window which projects outside a room of a building for admitting more light and air, is known

  • Bay window
  • Casement window
  • Lantern window
  • Dormer window

22. The type of arch used for high class buildings where appearance is of prime importance, is known as

  • Ashlar arch
  • Rubble arch
  • Gauged brick arch
  • Axed brick arch

23. The bearing capacity of a water logged soil can be improved by

  • Compacting the soil
  • Draining the soil
  • Increasing the depth of foundation
  • Grouting

24. The concrete slump recommended for beams and slabs; is

  • 25 to 50 mm
  • 25 to 75 mm
  • 30 to 125 mm
  • 50 to 100 mm

25. Exposed portions of vertical surface at right angles to the door or window frame, are known as

  • Jambs
  • Lintels
  • Reveals
  • Soffits

26. In soils possessing low bearing capacity, the type of foundation generally provided, is

  • Column footing
  • Grillage footing
  • Raft footing
  • All the above

27. Cavity wall is generally provided for

  • Heat insulation
  • Sound insulation
  • Prevention of dampness
  • All the above

28. The position of a brick when laid on its side 9 cm × 9 cm with its frog in the vertical plane, is called

  • Brick on edge
  • Brick on end
  • Brick on bed
  • Brick held vertically

29. The floor is rubbed with oxalic acid, for making its surface

  • Free from voids
  • Glossy
  • Durable
  • Uniform

30. Dutch bond is a modification of

  • English bond
  • Stretcher bond
  • Header bond
  • Single Flemish bond

31. The loose pockets in soil mass can be bridged safely by providing a raft foundation provided the soft area is smaller than

  • The column spacing
  • One-third the column spacing
  • Half the column spacing
  • Three-fourth the column spacing

32. In a colar beam roof

  • There is no horizontal tie beam
  • There is a horizontal tie at the feet of rafters only
  • There is a horizontal tie at almost the middle of rafters only
  • There are two horizontal ties, one at the feet and other at the middle of the rafters

33. The line of intersection of two surfaces of a sloping roof forming an internal angle less than 180°, is known as

  • Ridge
  • Hip
  • Valley
  • None of these

34. To construct a 10 cm thick partition wall, you will prefer

  • English bond
  • Flemish bond
  • Header bond
  • Stretcher bond

35. You are asked to design and supervise a truss for a factory to have spans 6 m to 9 m. The type of the truss you will use, is

  • Mansard truss
  • Queen post truss
  • King post truss
  • Collar truss

36. If a is the offset of concrete bed in cms, and d is the depth of concrete bed in cms, then

  • d = 0.445 a
  • d = 0.557 a
  • d = 0.775 a
  • None of these

37. The pile which is provided with a bulb filled with concrete at its lower end, is known as

  • Simplex pile
  • Mac-Arthur pile
  • Raymond pile
  • Franki pile

38. Engineering news formula for obtaining safe bearing capacity of pile for drop hammer, is,

  • Q = Wh/6 (S + 2.5)
  • Q = Wh/2.5 (S + 6)
  • Q = (W × 6)/h (S + 2.5)
  • Q = (W × 2.5)/6 (S + h)

39. The depth of an arch is the distance between

  • Ground level and springing line
  • Crown and springing line
  • Crown and ground level
  • Intrados and extrados

40. As compared to stretcher course, the thickness of joints in header course should be

  • Less
  • More
  • Equal
  • Equal or more

41. A pre-stressed concrete pile is

  • Easy to handle
  • Lighter in weight
  • Extremely durable
  • All the above

42. The piece of a brick cut along the centre of width in such a way that its length is equal to that of full brick, is called

  • Half brick
  • Queen closer
  • King closer
  • Bevelled closer

43. Herringbone bond is used for

  • Walls having thickness more than 4 bricks
  • Architectural finish to the face work
  • Ornamental panels in brick flooring
  • All the above

44. Single Flemish bond consists of

  • Double Flemish bond facing and English bond backing in each course
  • English bond facing and double Flemish bond backing in each course
  • Stretcher bond facing and double Flemish bond backing in each course
  • Double Flemish bond facing and header bond backing in each course

45. The type of pointing in which upper side of mortar joints is kept about 12 mm inside the face of the masonry and bottom is kept flushed with face of wall, is

  • Truck pointing
  • Recessed pointing
  • Struck pointing
  • Grooved pointing

46. The maximum number of steps in a flight should generally be restricted to

  • 10
  • 12
  • 15
  • No limit

47. The bond in which headers and stretchers are laid in alternate courses and every stretcher course is started with a three fourth brick bat, is known as

  • English cross bond
  • Dutch bond
  • Monk bond
  • Rat-trap bond

48. Pile foundations are suitable for

  • Water logged soils
  • Soft rocks
  • Compact soils
  • Multi-storeyed buildings

49. Pitched and sloping roofs are suitable for

  • Coastal regions
  • Plain regions
  • Covering large areas
  • All of the above

50. The vertical distance between the springing line and highest point of the inner curve of an arch is known as

  • Intrados
  • Rise
  • Spandril
  • Extrados

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