About Building Construction

Building Construction: Everything You Need to Know

Building construction is an important process that every homeowner should be familiar with. When you're building a new home, it's important to know what to expect during the construction process. In this blog post, we will discuss everything you need to know about building construction. We'll cover topics such as permits, inspections, and choosing the right contractor. We'll also provide tips for staying safe during construction. Building a new home can be a daunting task, but with the right information, it can be a lot easier!

If you're thinking of building a new home, the first step is to obtain the necessary permits. Building without a permit can result in costly fines and delays. The next step is to choose a qualified contractor. Be sure to get references and check their credentials. Once you've chosen a contractor, they will begin the construction process. During construction, there will be periodic inspections to ensure that the work is up to code.

Finally, when construction is complete, you'll need to obtain a Certificate of Occupancy. This document indicates that your home meets all the necessary Building codes and is safe to live in. Building a new home can be a lot of work, but it's also an exciting time. With a little knowledge and preparation, you can ensure that the process goes smoothly!

Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Building Construction with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.

Building Construction MCQ

1. Pitched and sloping roofs are suitable for

  • Coastal regions
  • Plain regions
  • Covering large areas
  • All of the above

2. Cavity wall is generally provided for

  • Heat insulation
  • Sound insulation
  • Prevention of dampness
  • All the above

3. Weep holes are provided in retaining and breast walls

  • To drain off the water from the filling
  • To ventilate the stone masonry
  • To add architectural beauty
  • To increase compaction of the earth retained

4. Dutch bond is a modification of

  • English bond
  • Stretcher bond
  • Header bond
  • Single Flemish bond

5. The floor is rubbed with oxalic acid, for making its surface

  • Free from voids
  • Glossy
  • Durable
  • Uniform

6. The ceiling height of a building is

  • Between ceiling and ground level
  • Between ceiling and floor level
  • Upto roof above ground level
  • Upto ceiling from the ground level

7. Herringbone bond is used for

  • Walls having thickness more than 4 bricks
  • Architectural finish to the face work
  • Ornamental panels in brick flooring
  • All the above

8. Safe bearing capacity of black cotton soil varies from

  • 2 to 3 t/m²
  • 5 to 7.5 t/m²
  • 8 to 10 t/m²
  • 10 to 12 t/m²

9. The bearing capacity of a water logged soil can be improved by

  • Compacting the soil
  • Draining the soil
  • Increasing the depth of foundation
  • Grouting

10. The type of footing which is used to transmit heavy loads through steel columns is

  • Raft foundation
  • Grillage foundation
  • Well foundation
  • Isolated footing

11. Pile foundations are suitable for

  • Water logged soils
  • Soft rocks
  • Compact soils
  • Multi-storeyed buildings

12. In verandah (corridor) floors outward slope is

  • 1 in 40
  • 1 in 50
  • 1 in 60
  • 1 in 70

13. As compared to stretcher course, the thickness of joints in header course should be

  • Less
  • More
  • Equal
  • Equal or more

14. The entrained concrete is used in lining walls and roofs for making

  • Heat insulated
  • Sound insulated
  • Neither (A) nor (B)
  • Both (A) and (B)

15. The taper of precast concrete pile should not be more than

  • 1 cm per metre length
  • 2 cm per metre length
  • 4 cm per metre length
  • 5 cm per metre length

16. The vertical sides of a door and window openings provided in a wall, are known as

  • Verticals
  • Reveals
  • Jambs
  • None of these

17. The Auger boring method is not suitable for

  • Very hard soil
  • Cemented soil
  • Vary soft soil
  • All the above

18. Single Flemish bond consists of

  • Double Flemish bond facing and English bond backing in each course
  • English bond facing and double Flemish bond backing in each course
  • Stretcher bond facing and double Flemish bond backing in each course
  • Double Flemish bond facing and header bond backing in each course

19. The maximum number of steps in a flight should generally be restricted to

  • 10
  • 12
  • 15
  • No limit

20. The triangular space formed between the extrados and the horizontal line drawn through the crown of an arch is known as

  • Haunch
  • Spandril
  • Voussoirs
  • Skewbacks

21. Which one of the following activities is not correct as applicable to brick corbels

  • The maximum projection of the corbel should not be more than the thickness of the wall
  • The maximum projection of each corbel course should be limited to a quarter brick at a time
  • The discontinuous corbels are used to carry heavy concentrated loads
  • Stretcher bond is generally used for the construction of brick corbel

22. The horizontal timber piece provided at the apex of a roof truss which supports the common rafter is called

  • Ridge board
  • Hip rafter
  • Eaves board
  • Valley rafter

23. The number of steps in a flight generally should not be less than

  • 2
  • 3
  • 5
  • No limit

24. Sum of tread and rise must lie between

  • 300 to 350 mm
  • 400 to 450 mm
  • 500 to 550 mm
  • 600 to 650 mm

25. In a colar beam roof

  • There is no horizontal tie beam
  • There is a horizontal tie at the feet of rafters only
  • There is a horizontal tie at almost the middle of rafters only
  • There are two horizontal ties, one at the feet and other at the middle of the rafters

26. The loose pockets in soil mass can be bridged safely by providing a raft foundation provided the soft area is smaller than

  • The column spacing
  • One-third the column spacing
  • Half the column spacing
  • Three-fourth the column spacing

27. The projections of head or sill of a door or window frame are

  • Transoms
  • Horns
  • Stops
  • Chocks

28. The vertical distance between the springing line and highest point of the inner curve of an arch is known as

  • Intrados
  • Rise
  • Spandril
  • Extrados

29. The stone blocks approximately triangular in shape, used as steps, are known

  • Stone steps
  • Built up steps
  • Spandril steps
  • None of these

30. An arch constructed with finely dressed stones, is known

  • Ashlar arch
  • Rubble arch
  • Gauged arch
  • Axed arch

31. A pre-stressed concrete pile is

  • Easy to handle
  • Lighter in weight
  • Extremely durable
  • All the above

32. The piece of a brick cut along the centre of width in such a way that its length is equal to that of full brick, is called

  • Half brick
  • Queen closer
  • King closer
  • Bevelled closer

33. If a is the offset of concrete bed in cms, and d is the depth of concrete bed in cms, then

  • d = 0.445 a
  • d = 0.557 a
  • d = 0.775 a
  • None of these

34. The bond in which headers and stretchers are laid in alternate courses and every stretcher course is started with a three fourth brick bat, is known as

  • English cross bond
  • Dutch bond
  • Monk bond
  • Rat-trap bond

35. You are asked to design and supervise a truss for a factory to have spans 6 m to 9 m. The type of the truss you will use, is

  • Mansard truss
  • Queen post truss
  • King post truss
  • Collar truss

36. The member which is placed horizontally to support common rafter of a sloping roof, is

  • Purlin
  • Cleat
  • Batten
  • Strut

37. The wedge shaped bricks forming an arch ring, are called

  • Soffits
  • Voussoirs
  • Haunches
  • Spandrils

38. The minimum distance between the centers of bulb of diameter du, of a multi under reamed piles, is

  • 1.35 du
  • 1.25 du
  • 1.5 du
  • 1.75 du

39. A wooden block hinged on post outside a door, is known

  • Cleat
  • Stop
  • Horn
  • None of these

40. To ensure that supporting area of an offset footing of a boundary wall is fully compressive, the C.G. of load must act

  • At the centre of the base
  • Within the middle third of the base
  • Within the middle fifth of the base
  • Neither (A), (B) nor (C)

41. To construct a 10 cm thick partition wall, you will prefer

  • English bond
  • Flemish bond
  • Header bond
  • Stretcher bond

42. The line of intersection of two surfaces of a sloping roof forming an internal angle less than 180°, is known as

  • Ridge
  • Hip
  • Valley
  • None of these

43. In soils possessing low bearing capacity, the type of foundation generally provided, is

  • Column footing
  • Grillage footing
  • Raft footing
  • All the above

44. The concrete slump recommended for beams and slabs; is

  • 25 to 50 mm
  • 25 to 75 mm
  • 30 to 125 mm
  • 50 to 100 mm

45. If the depth of an excavation is 20 meters, number of single stage well points to be installed at various levels, is

  • 5
  • 4
  • 3
  • 2

46. The type of arch used for high class buildings where appearance is of prime importance, is known as

  • Ashlar arch
  • Rubble arch
  • Gauged brick arch
  • Axed brick arch

47. The window which projects outside a room of a building for admitting more light and air, is known

  • Bay window
  • Casement window
  • Lantern window
  • Dormer window

48. The window which is provided in flat roof of a room, is known

  • Dormer window
  • Lantern window
  • Louvered window
  • Sky window

49. Exposed portions of vertical surface at right angles to the door or window frame, are known as

  • Jambs
  • Lintels
  • Reveals
  • Soffits

50. The position of a brick when laid on its side 9 cm × 9 cm with its frog in the vertical plane, is called

  • Brick on edge
  • Brick on end
  • Brick on bed
  • Brick held vertically

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