About Building Construction

Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Building Construction with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.

Building Construction MCQ

1. Cavity wall is generally provided for

  • Heat insulation
  • Sound insulation
  • Prevention of dampness
  • All the above

2. The floor is rubbed with oxalic acid, for making its surface

  • Free from voids
  • Glossy
  • Durable
  • Uniform

3. In verandah (corridor) floors outward slope is

  • 1 in 40
  • 1 in 50
  • 1 in 60
  • 1 in 70

4. The vertical sides of a door and window openings provided in a wall, are known as

  • Verticals
  • Reveals
  • Jambs
  • None of these

5. If the depth of an excavation is 20 meters, number of single stage well points to be installed at various levels, is

  • 5
  • 4
  • 3
  • 2

6. The concrete slump recommended for beams and slabs; is

  • 25 to 50 mm
  • 25 to 75 mm
  • 30 to 125 mm
  • 50 to 100 mm

7. The bearing capacity of a water logged soil can be improved by

  • Compacting the soil
  • Draining the soil
  • Increasing the depth of foundation
  • Grouting

8. The type of arch used for high class buildings where appearance is of prime importance, is known as

  • Ashlar arch
  • Rubble arch
  • Gauged brick arch
  • Axed brick arch

9. The window which projects outside a room of a building for admitting more light and air, is known

  • Bay window
  • Casement window
  • Lantern window
  • Dormer window

10. Exposed portions of vertical surface at right angles to the door or window frame, are known as

  • Jambs
  • Lintels
  • Reveals
  • Soffits

11. In soils possessing low bearing capacity, the type of foundation generally provided, is

  • Column footing
  • Grillage footing
  • Raft footing
  • All the above

12. Dutch bond is a modification of

  • English bond
  • Stretcher bond
  • Header bond
  • Single Flemish bond

13. The loose pockets in soil mass can be bridged safely by providing a raft foundation provided the soft area is smaller than

  • The column spacing
  • One-third the column spacing
  • Half the column spacing
  • Three-fourth the column spacing

14. In a colar beam roof

  • There is no horizontal tie beam
  • There is a horizontal tie at the feet of rafters only
  • There is a horizontal tie at almost the middle of rafters only
  • There are two horizontal ties, one at the feet and other at the middle of the rafters

15. The line of intersection of two surfaces of a sloping roof forming an internal angle less than 180°, is known as

  • Ridge
  • Hip
  • Valley
  • None of these

16. To construct a 10 cm thick partition wall, you will prefer

  • English bond
  • Flemish bond
  • Header bond
  • Stretcher bond

17. Stud(s) of a common wooden partition

  • Are vertical wooden members
  • Is the upper horizontal wooden member
  • Is the lower horizontal wooden member
  • Are the intermediate horizontal wooden members

18. The portion of a brick cut across the width, is called

  • Closer
  • Half brick
  • Bed
  • Bat

19. The projections of head or sill of a door or window frame are

  • Transoms
  • Horns
  • Stops
  • Chocks

20. In which of the following pairs both trees yield soft wood?

  • Deodar and Shishum
  • Chir and sal
  • Sal and teak
  • Chir and deodar

21. You are asked to design and supervise a truss for a factory to have spans 6 m to 9 m. The type of the truss you will use, is

  • Mansard truss
  • Queen post truss
  • King post truss
  • Collar truss

22. Which one of the following activities is not correct as applicable to brick corbels

  • The maximum projection of the corbel should not be more than the thickness of the wall
  • The maximum projection of each corbel course should be limited to a quarter brick at a time
  • The discontinuous corbels are used to carry heavy concentrated loads
  • Stretcher bond is generally used for the construction of brick corbel

23. Suitable spacing of timber piles, is

  • 50 cm
  • 60 cm
  • 80 cm
  • 90 cm

24. The triangular portion between any two adjacent arches and the tangent to their crowns, is

  • Haunch
  • Spandril
  • Soffit
  • Rise

25. The raft slab is projected beyond the outer walls of the structure by

  • 5 to 10 cm
  • 15 to 20 cm
  • 25 to 30 cm
  • 30 to 45 cm

26. In jack arch floor, the rise is kept

  • 1/6th of the span
  • 1/8th of the span
  • 1/10th of the span
  • 1/12th of the span

27. The stone blocks approximately triangular in shape, used as steps, are known

  • Stone steps
  • Built up steps
  • Spandril steps
  • None of these

28. The member which is placed horizontally to support common rafter of a sloping roof, is

  • Purlin
  • Cleat
  • Batten
  • Strut

29. Safe bearing capacity of black cotton soil varies from

  • 2 to 3 t/m²
  • 5 to 7.5 t/m²
  • 8 to 10 t/m²
  • 10 to 12 t/m²

30. The type of footing which is used to transmit heavy loads through steel columns is

  • Raft foundation
  • Grillage foundation
  • Well foundation
  • Isolated footing

31. An arch constructed with finely dressed stones, is known

  • Ashlar arch
  • Rubble arch
  • Gauged arch
  • Axed arch

32. The position of a brick when laid on its side 9 cm × 9 cm with its frog in the vertical plane, is called

  • Brick on edge
  • Brick on end
  • Brick on bed
  • Brick held vertically

33. The entrained concrete is used in lining walls and roofs for making

  • Heat insulated
  • Sound insulated
  • Neither (A) nor (B)
  • Both (A) and (B)

34. The wedge shaped bricks forming an arch ring, are called

  • Soffits
  • Voussoirs
  • Haunches
  • Spandrils

35. The minimum distance between the centers of bulb of diameter du, of a multi under reamed piles, is

  • 1.35 du
  • 1.25 du
  • 1.5 du
  • 1.75 du

36. The horizontal timber piece provided at the apex of a roof truss which supports the common rafter is called

  • Ridge board
  • Hip rafter
  • Eaves board
  • Valley rafter

37. The additional piles which are driven to increase the capacity of supporting loads on vertical piles, are known

  • Construction piles
  • Raking piles
  • Eccentric piles
  • Sinking piles

38. The vertical faces of a door opening which support frame of the door, are

  • Jambs
  • Posts
  • Reveals
  • Styles

39. To ensure that supporting area of an offset footing of a boundary wall is fully compressive, the C.G. of load must act

  • At the centre of the base
  • Within the middle third of the base
  • Within the middle fifth of the base
  • Neither (A), (B) nor (C)

40. The ceiling height of a building is

  • Between ceiling and ground level
  • Between ceiling and floor level
  • Upto roof above ground level
  • Upto ceiling from the ground level

41. The number of steps in a flight generally should not be less than

  • 2
  • 3
  • 5
  • No limit

42. Sum of tread and rise must lie between

  • 300 to 350 mm
  • 400 to 450 mm
  • 500 to 550 mm
  • 600 to 650 mm

43. For heavy embankments and dams, of height h, the depth of exploration of soil should not be less than

  • h/4
  • 1/2 h
  • h
  • 2 h

44. The taper of precast concrete pile should not be more than

  • 1 cm per metre length
  • 2 cm per metre length
  • 4 cm per metre length
  • 5 cm per metre length

45. The Auger boring method is not suitable for

  • Very hard soil
  • Cemented soil
  • Vary soft soil
  • All the above

46. For plastering the exposed brick walls, the cement sand mortar should be

  • 1 : 2
  • 1 : 3
  • 1 : 4
  • 1 : 6

47. For effective drainage, the finished surface of flat roof should have a minimum slope of

  • 1 in 20
  • 1 to 50
  • 1 in 10
  • 1 in 5

48. The bearing capacity of piles is determined by

  • Dynamic formula
  • Static formula
  • Pile load tests
  • All the above

49. To obtain good bonding in brick masonry

  • First class bricks are used
  • Vertical joints in alternate courses are kept in plumb line
  • Bats are used where necessary
  • All the above

50. In English garden wall bond

  • One course of headers to three or five course of stretchers
  • Queen closer in provided in each heading course
  • The middle course of stretchers is started with a header to give proper vertical joints
  • All the above

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