About Amniocentesis

Following are some of the multiple choice questions on the Amniocentesis with answers that will help the students in developing their knowledge.

Amniocentesis MCQ

1. An image of an individual's chromosomes used to look for abnormal numbers or structures of chromosomes.

  • prototyping
  • imaging
  • profiling
  • karyotype

2. Which is responsible for most genetic variation among humans?

  • meiosis
  • budding
  • mitosis
  • regeneration

3. Which would most likely favor species survival in changing environmental conditions?

  • length of life cycle
  • genetic variation
  • energy involvement in gamete production
  • number of offspring produced

4. Occurs when a pair of homologous chromosomes fail to separate or segregate during Anaphase is called:

  • replication
  • translocation
  • nondisjunction
  • translation

5. A procedure used to take out a small sample of the amniotic fluid that surrounds the fetus in a pregnant woman is called:

  • genetic isolation
  • translocation
  • nondisjunction
  • amniocentesis

6. The traits of an organisms are coded in its DNA. The code for these traits is read a sequence of -

  • ribose sugar.
  • phosphate.
  • nucleotides.
  • amino acids.

7. DNA is composed of two complementary strands. This is reflected in the fact that -

  • the number of thymine in one strand is always double the number of cytosine in the other strand.
  • the number of adenine in one is always equal to the number of thymine in the other strand.
  • the number of cytosine in one strand is always double the number of guanine in the other strand.
  • the number of guanine in one strand is always equal to the number of adenine in the other strand.

8. Which feature of DNA regulates the types of enzymes produced in a cell?

  • The size of the nucleotides in a DNA molecule.
  • The location of a DNA molecule.
  • The shape of a DNA molecule.
  • The order of the nucleotides in a DNA molecules.

9. DNA is composed of two chains with nitrogenous bases that are complementary to one another. If a portion of a DNA strand reads 5' ATCCGGATTACA 3', then what would be the complement to this portion of DNA?

  • 5' UAGGCCUAAUGU 3'
  • 5' TAGGCCTAATGT 3'
  • 3' TAGGCCTAATGT 5'
  • 3' UAGGCCUAAUGU 5'

10. The DNA of polymer of the Nucleic Acids holds thousands of nucleotide pairs. The purpose of these repeating nitrogen bases within the nucleotide pairs is-

  • to code for specific genes.
  • no specific purpose.
  • to control the behavior of the organism.
  • to compare the relationship or ancestral roots of organisms.

11. When doctors calculate a baby's due date, how much can it vary?

  • 1 week
  • 2 weeks
  • 3 weeks
  • 1 day

12. When a sperm has fertilized an egg, what is that called?

  • Conception
  • Prenatal development
  • Preeclampsia
  • Menstruation

13. What is it called if a fetus dies before the 5th month of pregnancy?

  • Miscarriage
  • Menstruation
  • Stillbirth
  • Prenatal development

14. The zygote is formed in what stage of pregnancy?

  • Germinal
  • Embryonic
  • Fetal
  • Last stage

15. How many chromosomes does every baby have?

  • 23
  • 46
  • 12
  • 24

16. Amniocentesis is performed to determine_____.

  • The most likely date of birth of the foetus
  • Whether the baby will be normal or abnormal
  • Whether the mother has a genetic abnormality
  • A and B

17. The fluid sample required for performing the Amniocentesis test is ________.

  • The amnion
  • The placenta
  • The liquid surrounding the immediate fetus
  • All of the above

18. Which year India adopted ‘The Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) programme’?

  • 1996
  • 1998
  • 1951
  • 2000

19. Through amniocentesis, foetal cells can be tested for detecting various diseases if foetus by

  • DNA Analysis
  • Karyotype
  • Enzyme production
  • All of these

20. Expand - POCSO

  • Prevention of children from sexual offence
  • Protection of children from sexual offence
  • Prevention of children from sexual office
  • Prevention of children from sex offence

21. RCH means

  • Reproductive and Child Health Care
  • Reproduction and Child Health Care
  • Reproductive and Child Home Care
  • Reproductive and Child Health Control

22. Aborting the female in the mother’s womb’ is called

  • Female foeticide
  • infanticide
  • female infanticide
  • foeticide

23. One of the recommendation of Justice Verma Committee, is

  • aims at creating a safe and secure environment for males.
  • aims at creating a safe and secure environment for females
  • aims at creating a safe and secure environment for both females and males.
  • aims at creating a safe and secure environment for childrens

24. Which term best describes the type of cell division that produces daughter cells with the same number of chromosomes as the parent cells?

  • mitosis
  • meiosis
  • spermatogenesis
  • oogenesis

25. A human skin cell contains 46 chromosomes. How many chromosomes should be present in a human sperm cell or egg cell?

  • 23
  • 46
  • 92
  • 138

26. When is the embryonic stage?

  • 0-2 weeks
  • 3-8 weeks
  • 9 weeks - birth
  • 8-12 weeks

27. When is the germinal stage?

  • 0-2 weeks
  • 3-8 weeks
  • 9 weeks - birth
  • 8 - 12 weeks

28. When is the fetal stage?

  • 0-2 weeks
  • 3-8 weeks
  • 9 weeks - birth
  • 8-12 weeks

29. How many extra calories does a pregnant woman need?

  • 1000
  • 200
  • 300
  • 2000

30. In which of these situations should a pregnant woman immediately contact her doctor?

  • muscle cramps in the legs
  • vaginal bleeding
  • heartburn
  • sleepiness

31. What conditions cause the muscles to become weaker?

  • Down Syndrome
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • PKU
  • Sickle Cell Anemia

32. What vitamin is most vital to normal development in a fetus?

  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin D
  • Folic Acid

33. What advantage does chorionic villi sampling have over amniocentesis?

  • It is less expensive and noninvasive
  • It can be performed earlier in pregnancy
  • It is safer because it only involves a blood test
  • It can be performed later in pregnancy

34. What is the name of the prenatal test that involves taking a sample of placenta?

  • alpha-fetaprotein
  • amniocentesis
  • chorionic villi sampling
  • ultrasound

35. What happens if an ovum reaches the uterus without being fertilized?

  • Menstruation occurs
  • A stillbirth occurs
  • The woman becomes pregnant
  • The egg implants in the uterine wall

36. What is a baby's development during the nine months of pregnancy called?

  • Germinal development
  • Implantation development
  • Embryonic development
  • Prenatal development

37. What is the process of an egg being released by the ovaries called?

  • Menstruation
  • Ovulation
  • Gestation
  • Conception

38. What is true about the placenta?

  • It allows the egg to travel from the ovary to the uterus
  • It is expelled when a woman menstruates
  • It determines the baby's genetic traits
  • It connects the developing baby to the uterus

39. What is a healthy amount of weight to gain when you are pregnant?

  • 15-20 pounds
  • 20- 32 pounds
  • 25 - 35 pounds
  • more than 40 pounds

40. What is not an example of a birth defect?

  • Cleft palate
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Amniocentesis
  • Cerebral palsy

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